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Dog sterilization: benefits and harms


Dog sterilization: it is an act against stray dogs, an act that has significant health benefits and that can also "calm down" certain restless Don Giovanni or particularly sanguine dogs. There are those who claim that the sterilization of the dog is against nature. I don't know if I have ever thought about the selections for obtaining so-called "companion" breeds or animals, or how much it is to keep them at home when they are often made for outdoor living.

So, if they have to stay at home or in a limited space, and with wild conquistadors instincts, it makes no sense to subject them to the pain of hearing them and not being able to satisfy them. The alternative, less than programmed couplings and with one purpose, it is that they give birth to other puppies that riskabandonment, a crime punishable according to Law 189/2004 on ill-treatment, with the arrest of up to one year or a fine from 1,000 to 10,000 euros, to be reported to the police who abandons an animal.

Dog sterilization: health benefits

The intervention of sterilization of the dog has beneficial effects on health, both male and female, the best known is the prevention of various cancers: breast cancer, ovarian and uterine cancer in females, testicular and prostate cancer in males. There sterilization of the dog in fact, it avoids the heat and it is precisely during the heat that large quantities of hormones develop which in females result in oncological diseases but also in endometritis and in hysterical pregnancies, in males in prostatitis and prostatic hypertrophy which cause pain and difficulty in urinating.

Dog sterilization: psychological effects

It is useless to deny that the sterilization of the dog has legacies about the character of the animal, it is natural that it is and, at times, it is carried out precisely for this reason. As in the case of aggressive dogs or too in love to disappear from home. The common effect for both sexes is the decrease, following the sterilization of the dog, of the exuberant attitudes and obsessive behaviors that sometimes develop towards a family member.

In the case of males, there is also a decrease inaggression both towards human strangers and towards canine strangers and the rite of marking the territory by urinating becomes… less ritual. In the case of females, on the other hand, the risk of deviations of the maternal instinct is eliminated, such as false pregnancies which in practice often result in aggressive behavior. It should be noted, however, that sterilization of the dog does not automatically lead to an improvement in its character.

Dog sterilization: risks

As with any surgery under general anesthesia, the sterilization of the dog involves the risks involved, and on this it is better to ask the veterinarian for full clarification: anesthesia can in fact cause unpredictable reactions, causing allergies or idiosyncrasies, and there are no pre-operative blood tests that can tell you how it will go, these are rare cases but there are.

Otherwise it is a painless and rather safe operation. Moreover, it does not even have great aftermath, on paper, because the convalescence in the female it lasts a couple of days, while for the male the time of the anesthesia effect. One of the risks of the sterilization of the dog is weight gain. By changing the hormonal balance, in fact, the metabolism he must have time to settle down.

Even we owners must be careful in reviewing, if necessary, together with a specialist, the quantities and qualities of the food we give to our dog. Nothing unsolvable. Sometimes, among other things, the dogs after the sterilization they get fat from boredom or lack of movement, an extra walk with them and they will stay in shape, as well as in a good mood.

Sterilization of the female dog

The best time to carry out sterilization of the female dog it would be before the first heat or at most between the first and the second. In fact, this is the period in which the probability of onset of breast tumors it is smaller, if you act before the first heat it is almost zero.

For a dog there are two types of intervention, mainly. There isovariectomy: it is the removal of the ovaries and is carried out within the first year of age, otherwise with more adult animals or with uterine problems, to have similar effects theovariohysterectomy with which, in addition to the ovaries, the uterus is also removed.

A third way is the tubal ligation but it must be clear that this action does not have the same effects. Yes, it avoids conception but not the fact that the dog goes into heat, it does not protect against infections or sexually transmitted diseases, it does not avoid "hormonal" behaviors and it does not help prevent reproductive system diseases and mammary tumors. Furthermore this intervention can lead to imaginary pregnancies.

Returning to the practices of sterilization of the dog recommended, the advantages lie in not having more blood loss and suitors around, attempts to escape from the dog or unwanted intrusions. Just a false pregnancies, infections of the uterus. breast tumors and mastitis, painful inflammations.

Male dog sterilization

To effect the sterilization of the male dog it is better to wait for the year of life and you can consult a veterinarian without haste who will be able to evaluate the right moment after a visit. Contrary to what often happens with the male cat, for the dog the sterilization it is not a very requested or routine intervention because the animal does not mark at home and, when it comes to avoiding unwanted litters during a cohabitation between two dogs of different sexes, the choice falls on the female for the sterilization of the dog.

Owners usually choose to treat a male dog when it is particularly aggressive or keep running away. There sterilization of the male dog it is usually one orchiectomy, that is, an excision of the testicles. The operation eliminates the sexual instinct and prevents fertilization, makes the character less aggressive and the dog less fugitive but above all it has preventive effects against cancers of the reproductive system.

In some cases we proceed with a vasectomy but only when the previous operation is not recommended. The latter sterilization of the dog leaves the hormonal picture and the reproductive instinct unchanged, so nothing changes with regard to escapes, aggression, sexually transmitted diseases and prevention of tumor pathologies. Another alternative is the sterilization of the dog chemical type, but the product has its costs and at the moment few seem to favor this practice.

Dog sterilization: how much it costs

Speaking of prices, let's consider that the sterilization of the dog it is a one-time expense, and is certainly much less than the costs of maintaining and caring for a litter until weaning. Always assuming that then there is where to put the new born.

THE prices of the intervention of sterilization of the dog they vary greatly from veterinarian to veterinarian, from area to area, and also from the condition of the animal, its size, its behavior. Usually they range from € 180-200 upwards for oneovariectomy and between 200 and 250 euros for a male dog, it is better to inquire directly at your trusted veterinarian and, above all, do not think about saving because the operation, although rather trivial, must be done in complete safety. You save in post-operative care from sterilization badly done.

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