Newfoundland dog, a dog breed that comes from an island and loves to swim: nothing by chance. It comes from the Canadian island of the same name Newfoundland dog and it has enormous dimensions.
It belongs to the category of dogs of the type pinscher, schnauzer, molossers and Swiss mountain dogs. His name is translated as Newfoundland, in English, and Terre Neuve, in French. Both are used in your Canada.
Newfoundland dog: origins
Among the many existing hypotheses on the origins of the Newfoundland dog there are two prevalent. One tells that this breed comes from bear dogs brought to America by Viking ships, the other that the Newfoundland dog is derived from an Asian race related to Tibet mastiff arrived in the Americas together with the populations who crossed the Bering Strait during the glaciation.
Being a very peaceful animal - then we will see it - the Newfoundland dog satisfies both theories and was most likely imported by Vikings and then later crossed with a nomadic race from Asia. Around the nineteenth century in some Canadian islands in the North Atlantic there is the St. John's dog.
Fishermen used it daily to retrieve nets and for rescue in the water, but also as retriever hunters or village guardians. It is the predecessor of the Newfoundland dog: from there he was selected, as well as the Labrador.
Newfoundland dog: appearance
Large size, in the case of the Newfoundland dog, are literally large: the males reach 70 cm and the females 65, the weight varies between them from 50 to 68 kg. In Europe, three shades of this breed are recognized: black, the most common color, brown (defined brown) and white with black spots (defined "landseer type"). In America always of Newfoundland dog, the bronze and gray versions are also recognized.
Beyond the color, the fur of this puppy animal is very soft but lasts 7 months, then it becomes an adult and is different, rougher, and continues to change during moulting twice a year: summer and winter. The Newfoundland dog he loves water very much and his coat is perfect so that he can splash around in peace. IS' waterproof and water repellent. Also always to be aquatic, it has the webbed paws and the tail that can act as a rudder.
It has a very massive but proportionate body, the Newfoundland dog it is never weighed down, on the contrary, it maintains a harmonic gait and a stride with a wide stride. He is very muscular and his nose is black, his slightly sunken eyes are always dark.
Newfoundland dog: character
Pacific, I said, and it's nothing short of peaceful, the Newfoundland dog. It is docile and one of the easiest dogs to coexist with other dogs. He has a friendly approach to everyone, except those who may be a threat or a nuisance to him master to which he sticks in an almost morbid way. Even the family, the rest, but not in the same way.
He, the Newfoundland dog, he falls in love with his master and defends him with all his weight, almost exaggeratedly. Even in his instinct to save it is almost exaggerated, it is said lifeguard dog certainly for good reasons.
Newfoundland dog: care
Given its mass, the Newfoundland dog must have a healthy and consistent diet, with many proteins that must be accompanied by strong and continuous physical activity. Because the dog has the physical. When he is small it is better not to strain him too much, he could have delicate limbs and risk hip and elbow dysplasia as an adult.
Once adult it becomes powerful and very strong, able to tow many kg both from land and in water. The hair of the Newfoundland dog should be brushed frequently but above all appropriately, otherwise it does not maintain its precious characteristics of resistance to water and dirt.
Newfoundland dog: price
It is difficult to pay less than a thousand euros for a puppy of Newfoundland dog, for the mass, but especially for the race, which is desirable. In addition to being beautiful, good and nice, it is also useful and used in activities such as pet therapy, in water rescue and for obedience.
Even some famous historical figures have not been able to resist the sweetness of this Newfoundland dog: among them Napoleon, George II, Wagner and Lord Byron. The Newfoundland dog of this artist, named Boatswain, when he died of rage, he also earned an epitaph of his own on the tomb.
Newfoundland dog: curiosity
The curiosity remains about the origins of this breed since there is not just one hypothesis but many, as we have seen. We are confident that it is not a recent breed and perhaps for this very reason it is difficult to extricate oneself by going too far back in the centuries.
Even with their good-natured and almost lazy air, they are actually gods working dogs not only tireless but also very versatile. Man has known this for a long time and in fact has often used it as an aid in carrying out various jobs. An advantage of the Newfoundland is also its great ability to swim long distances, so it can be an excellent companion both on land and at sea. It's a lifeguard dog among the most powerful and effective, among other things, because he not only has a good swimmer physique but is also intelligent and alert, with reflexes that other aquatic dogs envy him. This dog he can even perceive when a person is in danger, he reaches them.
We have already said that there are not only blacks but in three other colors, even if in the common imagination the Newfoundland is black. We find specimens in brown, gray, and with a mixed black and white coat called “Landseer”. It is the name of a painter, Edwin Landseer, the first to paint a black and white Newfoundland in 1800 and thus deserves this nomination.
In addition to Landseer's paintings, we also find the Newfoundland in a book that few do not know, but perhaps many have not noticed the presence of this big dog. I'm talking about "Peter Pan ”, written by J.M. Barrie, there is a Newfoundland. The dog Nana, the family pet, is a Newfoundland, a tribute to the writer's Landseer, who goes by the name of Luath.
If you liked this animal article keep following me also on Twitter, Facebook, Google+, Pinterest and ... elsewhere you have to find me!
Related articles that may interest you:
- Dog breeds list
- Brown Newfoundland
- Fonnese dog: breeding and character
- Dobermann: character and price