Poisonous mushrooms, how to recognize them

How to recognize poisonous mushrooms: a guide that will give you general information on identifying the typical poisonous mushrooms of our area.For other tips: where to pick mushrooms.

If you have walked even a few meters in an undergrowth, you have probably noticed gods mushrooms. It cannot be excluded that gods small mushrooms can grow in your garden, in the driveway or right in the middle of the lawn. Mushrooms are like this: humidity, shade, a few spores and… growth has started.

Autumn is coming and newspaper reports report cases of mushroom poisoning and intoxication. Yet the main rule is one: if you're unsure of a mushroom's edibility, don't eat it! In Europe, around 10,000 food poisoning caused bymushroomspoisonous, while the cases of deaths fluctuate between 200 and 300 per year.

When we talk aboutpoisonous mushroomsor edible as they are, you should never take anything for granted!

Remember that there are 100,000 different species of mushrooms and before evaluating the edibility of a colony found, it is better to consult with an expert and hear more opinions. In Europe 50,000 species of mushrooms thrive and of these, only 50 are poisonous. Other useful tips:how to recognize mushrooms.

Poisonous mushrooms, how to recognize them

The theme ofpoisonous mushroomsiscurrentover the decades, botanists and mycologists have tried to identify a schematic model for recognize poisonous mushroomsbut in fact the only way toto recognizewith certainty apoisonous mushroomit's about knowing the different species and being able to name them.

Those who intend to go mushroom hunting should know only a few species (and very well) rather than know many but only summarily, without being able to "discriminate against them in the field ". If you plan to organize a mushroom picking, focus only on the most common species and the ones you will undoubtedly be able to recognize.

In attempting torecognize poisonous mushroomsneedforgetpopular beliefs. Among the most widespread (and even more wrong) popular beliefs is that of supposing that completely white and pleasant-tasting mushrooms are certainly edible: very false!

L'Spring amanita is among the deadly mushrooms most common, it is white and tastes good but must not be collected or destroyed: Italian law protects ipoisonous mushroomsand / ordeadlybecause they are important to guarantee the maintenance of the typical balances of our ecosystems.

Another misconception consists in believing that the blackening of the silver spoon, garlic and onion during the cooking of the mushroom in question is an indicator oftoxicity. Lot ofdeadly mushroomsthey do not trigger any reactions and do not darken silver, onions or garlic!

It is equally false to believe that mushrooms eaten by snails or other animals are "safe": every different organism has subjective reactions, consequently, a perfectly edible mushroom for a snail (or a dog!) Can be poisonous for us humans .

Popular beliefs aside, a great starting point for learning torecognize poisonous mushroomslies in the illustrated manuals. Among the available volumes we point out three so as to meet different needs.

Mushrooms from our mountains, forests and meadows. Good, less good, toxic and poisonous
Price: € 6.80
Written by the President and scientific coordinator of the Orto d’Europa Mycological Group and member of the National Scientific Committee of the Bresadola Mycological Association. Strengths: A book on mushrooms written by a photographer fond of mushrooms.

All mushrooms. Look for them, recognize them, collect them
Price: € 12.67
Contains 200 cards illustrated with photos and photos comparing poisonous mushrooms and edible mushrooms that look alike !. For each mushroom, the characteristics such as preferred habitat, morphology (cap, stem, meat), edibility and / or toxicity, similarities and varieties, growing season, etymology and curiosity are explained.

Complete guide to mushroom recognition. With DVD
Price: € 21.17
A very complete and easy to consult book. The manual contains illustrations and identification cards. Also in this case there are cards that compare poisonous mushrooms with their edible counterparts, underlining the characteristics that can help in the recognition of poisonous species. Attached to the book is a DVD full of practical tips for the correct research and collection of mushrooms.

Identification of poisonous mushrooms, photos

To help yourecognize poisonous mushroomsI suggest you look carefully at the photos in our dedicated photo gallery "poisonous mushrooms, how to recognize them“, The gallery collects the photos of a fewpoisonous mushrooms, compared to the cards proposed by the books are a minimum quantity but it is a simple starting point. Don't think about going mushroom hunting with just the few notions learned in this article!

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Video: How to identify the difference between an edible or poisonous mushroom (December 2021).