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How to cure acidophilic plants


How to cure acidophilic plants: tips for acidifying the soil, preventing and fighting diseases and the list of acidophilic plants.

What are acidophilic plants?Theacidophilicthey are plants that prefer soils with an acid reaction. An acidic soil has a pH below 6.5. Generally theacidophilic plantsthey prefer shady areas and frequent watering.

List of acidophilic plants

Below we offer a list of some acidophilic plants, that is, to thrive in the best possible way, they need acid soil. To simplify the choice ofacidophilic garden plants, we have divided them into three categories. It is clear that bulbous plants are the ideal for flower beds and flower borders.

Shrubs

  • Andromede
  • Azaleas
  • Camellias
  • Strawberry tree
  • Heather
  • Gardenias
  • Hamamelis
  • Kalmie
  • Leucothoe
  • Magnolias
  • Mimose
  • Blueberries
  • Hydrangeas
  • Pieris
  • Rhododendrons
  • Skimmie

Trees

  • White fir
  • Spruce
  • Japanese maple
  • Webbed Maple
  • Birch
  • Chestnut
  • Beech tree
  • Liquidambar
  • Sequoia

Herbaceous and bulbous

  • Calle
  • Clivie
  • Dicentre
  • Horsetails
  • Ferns
  • Lilac
  • Lilies
  • Vinca

Some climbing plants such as ivy, jasmine and wisteria must be added to the list of acidophilic plants. Among the acidophilic hedges, boxwood and oleander are very common. Other acidophilic plants are: hibiscus, laurel (laurel), bougainvillea and heather.

How to acidify the soil

If the soil of the planting does not respect the requirements in terms of pH, theacidophilic plantscould be affected. The first symptoms see the yellowing of the leaves. The soil can be acidified using fertilizers or agronomic techniques such as mulching made with acidifying materials. For all information on acidifying the soil, please refer to the guide articleHow to lower the pH of the soil.

How to cure acidophilic plants

Each plant is characterized by certain growth needs, however, when it comes to acidophilic plants we can generalize by stating that this type of plants prefer limited exposure to the sun with crops in shady or partial shade areas. These are perennials, perfect for flower lovers: for cultivation the soil must be constantly humid but free from water stagnation so care must be taken to water them little and often. Always to avoid water stagnation, if you cultivate theacidophilic plants in pots, prepare a draining layer.

Be careful to choose the species that best suit the characteristics of your garden! For example, if you like cultivate camellia(acidophilic plant par excellence) but you have no shaded areas, rather than choosing the most popularCamellia japonica, choose Camellia sasanqua or one of its varieties. Camellia sasanqua is an acidophilic that tolerates the sun and summer heat better, among its varieties there are those that begin to bloom during the Christmas period until February. The varieties of Camellia japonica start flowering in October and finish flowering between December and January.

Theacidophilic plantsthey should also be irrigated in autumn and winter if these seasons are dry. If the growing medium is not kept constantly moist, acidophilic plants risk losing most of their buds and halving their flowering.

Betweencareto be given toacidophilic plantsremember protection from the cold. To protect acidophilic plants from the cold, under-tree mulching can be used with a layer of pine bark, dry leaves or other natural material thanks to which a thickness of about 8 - 10 cm can be reached.

For acidophilic plants grown in pots in Northern Italy or in mountainous areas with a cold climate, we recommend lining the pot externally with polystyrene sheets or more natural insulating materials such as cardboard and straw. The ideal would be to be able to transfer the pots to a veranda or a sheltered area.

How to cure acidophilic plants, specific advice

For specific advice, we refer you to the articles referring to the single ones plants reported inlist of acidophiles.

  • Cultivation of the calla
  • Grow camellia
  • Winter flowering camellia
  • How hydrangeas are grown
  • How to take care of azalea
  • Cultivate the lily

You may also be interested in the article "Agapanthus: flower and its varieties



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