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How to collect vegetable seeds: useful information and advice to carry out a correct harvest and storage of vegetable and vegetable seeds.
If you have a vegetable garden domestic or you are interested in vegetables and the vegetables grown by your neighbor, you just have to collect the seeds and keep them for a new planting. Beforeto collectany seed, make sure that the plant of origin is healthy and above all that it is free of any chemical treatment, under penalty of infertility of the seeds collected.
You can collect seeds of any plant, including vegetables and hybridized vegetables. The so-calledhybridsthey are not sterile, nor genetically modified. These are selected seeds and for this reason, most likely, the next generation (the cultivation that you will start from seeds collected from hybrids) will not retain the characteristics of the mother plant so be aware that it could disappoint your expectations. For every information:hybrid plants - meaning and characteristics.
How to collect vegetable seeds
Collect seeds it is particularly easy for all vegetables and vegetables with inflorescences. To collect vegetable seeds such as pumpkin, courgette, cucumber, tomato, pepper, chilli pepper, aubergine ... Just collect the ripe vegetable and then cut it in half with a sharp knife. Let the two halves dry in the sun and when the vegetable is completely dried, you can extract the seeds present inside them. The so-called "fleshy seeds" such as those of legumes or vegetables such as cucumber, watermelon, melon and pumpkin, should be dried once again in direct sunlight, preferably placed in a glass jar.
When the seeds have dried naturally, they will need to be stored in a cool, dry place until they have completely hardened. It is important to dry the seeds because during the winter, the moisture contained in the seeds can freezeand damage the seeds. Furthermore, the intrinsic humidity of the seeds can be a cause of mold. To avoid the onset of mold, in addition to a good drying, it will be necessary to store the seeds in a cool and ventilated place, away from sources of heat and humidity. To keep the seeds dry, you can wrap them in a kitchen rag or any cotton cloth.
As for vegetable seeds such as peppers, aubergines and tomatoes, these must be dried with the entire section of the vegetable. You can dry them only once. When the vegetable is completely dried, it will be possible to extract the seeds individually and store them in a jar or, again, in a cotton cloth. Again, seeds should be stored in a dry, moisture-free environment. Do not worry if some of the pulp of the vegetable comes off together with the seeds, the important thing is that this portion is also well dried.
The seeds collected in this way can be stored for a whole year. Before sowing, you can soften the integument and stimulate germination by soaking the seeds in an infusion of chamomile.
How to collect vegetable seeds
The collection of vegetable seeds is much more complex:purslane, rocket and other vegetables, give the seeds only after flowering. Purslane is a highly vegetative species so its development will be greatly facilitated. In general, to collect seeds from vegetables, it will be necessary to proceed after flowering.
Observe the plant, at the moment of flowering, when the flower is fully opened the seeds will have already formed. Each single planter bag will carry an indeterminate number of seeds. For collect the seeds, at the time of flowering, cut off all the edible parts of the plant and let only the flowers flourish. Just below the stem, anchor a paper bag to collect any seeds dropped by the wind. When the stems have dried, you can cut them off and remove the remaining seeds.
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