Vertical green for outdoor or indoor environments. Tips for making one green wall and all the information on the advantages of vertical green.
Thevertical greenis now a full-blown reality, anyone who has visited Patrick Blanc's modular system in Madrid or who has been to Milan Expo 2015 knows something about it.vertical greenit is obtained thanks to a modular system to be built outdoors or at home.
Agreen wallnot only has a strong aesthetic impact, it has numerous building and functional advantages. As part of the Milan Expo 2015, those who visited the United States pavilion were able to see with a vertical garden it was exploited for the cultivation of vegetables. The Israel Pavilion at Expo also exhibited something like this: a green wall that proposes a “vertical” cultivation of cereals. To know more:The vertical vegetable garden of Expo.
Vertical green: the green wall
Thegreen wallspose theirsrootsin the gardens of ancient Babylon but in the modern era it was the Frenchman Patrick Blanc who re-invented thevertical botany. The vertical walls that we see today, focus on the basic principles dictated by the botanist Patrick Blanc.
Agreen wallit cannot be set up everywhere. It is advisable to ensure that there are optimal conditions such as sun exposure, available space, maintenance and suitable plants. It is obvious that the wall that will house the vertical garden must also be solid enough to be able to support the load.
The advantages of thevertical greenare many:
- we go to exploit an otherwise unused surface, that of the internal or external walls of buildings, to deepenVertical farming.
- They increase the degree of insulation of the building.
- They protect the building structure from atmospheric agents.
- They decrease the amount of greenhouse gases present in the perimeter area of the building.
- They improve the air quality in the perimeter area of the building because they absorb fine dust and other pollutants.
- It improves the sound insulation of the building by protecting the inhabitants from external noise.
In the making of agreen wallit is not possible to cultivateplantsany: it is necessary to choose plants raised ad hoc on felt panels, grown with hydroculture so as to adapt to vertical green. Plants that do not guarantee rapid acclimatization can be easily replaced.
Before designing agreen wallit is necessary to make sure of the technical characteristics of the building structure: the wall must be able to support the weight of the plants and the support.
The technique ofvertical greenby Patrick Blanc consists of a modular system capable of perfectly covering walls of any size. The modules of the green wall are made with felt sheets that carry pockets in which it will be possible to insert the plants. The “original” model sees the provision of an automatic fertigation system already integrated and to be connected to a control panel. The modules, as described, can be easily mounted on any wall.
Vertical green for interiors
Thevertical green for interiorsis a highly sought after furnishing solution. In the home, thevertical greengoes to propose the fundamentals of the technique ofBlanc.
How to make a green wall at home? It is necessary to create a "cage" structure (a sort of frame given by metal or wooden elements) to be filled with a substrate obtained by mixing sphagnum, peat and soil. The substrate does not risk dirtying the house because it is retained by a vegetable fiber. The irrigation of the green walls for interiors takes place with perforated pipes placed close to the substrate or is expertly irrigated from above.
Not everyone knows that when making a green wall in the house, the plants are inserted horizontally or on an inclined plane of 45 - 60 °. The plants are inserted by making a cut in the containment fabric and inserting the plant, still equipped with the bread of earth, directly into the substrate. The effect of the classicgreen wallit is obtained only a couple of weeks after implantation, when the plants have grown enough to cover the underlying tissue.