How to do the planting of the hedge: the right period and advice on how to do the implant.
Thereplanting of the hedge it is by no means a difficult operation, however it must be done in a careful and precise manner to ensure the implantation is established.
When to plant a hedge?The best time for theplanting of hedgesfalls in autumn or between the end of winter and early spring. Those who live in the north of Italy may find it convenient to postpone theplantingto April, when the risk of late frosts is now over.
How much does a hedge cost?The cost to be incurred for the construction of one or more hedges depends only in part on the plants chosen. The growth of the plant makes the price. If you buy plants that are already large and well developed, the hedge will be ready in less time but it will also be more expensive. We do not recommend buying well established plants because they are not only more expensive but will also have more difficulty in adapting to the new soil and therefore in taking root.
Choose small or medium sized plants, from 100 to 160 cm. In this way the chances of engraftment are higher and the initial investment lower.
In the choice ofplants for hedges, favor native species and possibly, derived from local ecotypes: they will be more resistant to diseases and climatic conditions of the place.
Designing a hedge
Before theplantingit is important to carry out a diagram of the system. The plants that make up thehedgesthey can be grown on a single row or on several parallel rows.
The classic perimeter hedge is built along a single row, but if your garden borders on another property, legal distances must be respected.
When planting trees and shrubs, the reference regulations of theCivil Code. Article 892 establishes that certain distances from property boundaries must be respected:
- 3 meters if you plant a tall tree. Respect this distance if you intend to plant a hedge of cypresses or other large trees.
- 1.5 meters for non-tall trees, with a stem height of 3 meters.
- 0.5 meters for all shrubs, therefore for allhedgesand fruit trees with a height of less than two and a half meters.
Unless you intend to create a high cypress hedge (where you must respect a distance from the property border of at least 3 meters), in the case ofperimeter hedgethe distance to be respected from the property border is only 50 cm.
The planting of the hedge
When planting the hedges, you must keep in mind the development capacity of the chosen specimen. Knowing the development capacity you will be able to establish the necessary distance between one hole and another.
The implantation distance between one plant and another isspecies-specific, therefore it varies according to the characteristics of the plant.
Considering medium-sized plants that measure about 150 cm upon purchase, the distances to be respected between one hole and another, approximately amount to:
- 100cm for Leyland cypress hedges
- 80cm for the planting of hedgeslaurel, piracanta, viburnum, hornbeam, yew, osmanthus and cherry laurel
- 50cm for the planting of hedges of privet, rose and raspberry.
How to choose hedge plants? As stated, you should choose native plants because they are more resistant to local weather and soil conditions. If you still have doubts, you can find interesting our article dedicated toalternatives to boxwood.
As stated, theplantingit is easy to carry out.
From September until the end of October, you can start working the soil and make a strip with a width of 30 - 40 cm and a depth of 40 - 50 cm.
At the bottom you can enrich the soil with a layer of fertile soil and fertilizers in granules rich in nitrogen and phosphorus. It is important that the fertilizer does not come into direct contact with the root.
You can add a layer of fibrous peat and other topsoil until the channel made with the spade is completely filled.
What you have just created is the bottom that will welcome your plants. It must be homogeneous and soft so as to allow the roots of the plants to extend and take root in the best possible way.
For the actual planting, drill holes of a size compatible with the clod of the purchased plant. The distance between the holes is as indicated above.
Dig the hole in the worked strip and place the plant with the root ball. The hole must be deep at the right point: the soil of the plant must be level with that of the root ball so as not to suffocate the plant or, on the contrary, uncover the roots.
More information is contained in the article:how to grow a hedge.
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