How to grow carrots: instructions oncultivationof thecarrotin the garden or in pots. From sowing to harvest. Care and irrigation.
The carrots they are widely used in cooking and are included among the ingredients of many recipes; in the kitchen, they are useful for soups, flans, purees, desserts, soups, pasta dishes, juice extracts, smoothies… in short, it is a very versatile food that can be used both for the preparation of a side dish and for main courses.
Carrots are often eaten raw in salads and are great for munching as an afternoon snack!
Those lucky enough to have a small vegetable garden or space on the terrace can take the trouble to grow carrotsin full autonomy.
There carrot cultivation it does not need care details. Here how to grow carrots following all the necessary indications.
When to grow carrots
There is no universally right period! It depends on the geographical area of belonging but above all on the variety. Let's say that in Central-Southern Italy it is always the best time to grow any variety of carrot.
In detail, the carrots precocious are sown from January to March and harvested in July, medium carrots see the sowing periodin the months of April and May and are harvested in August; finally there are the late carrots that are sown in June and harvested in October.
How to grow carrots in the vegetable garden
1. Tillage of the land
The soil suitable for the carrot cultivation it is draining and light and must be worked in advance. A few months before planting the carrot seedlings, it will therefore be necessary to dig manually or with the help of the motor hoe and fertilize the soil with mature manure.
Dig a furrow about 40 centimeters deep for the entire length of the affected area and spread mature manure on the bottom in the amount of 2-3 kg per square meter of worked land.
Make another furrow, parallel to the first, whose clods will have to cover the manure placed in the previous furrow. Once this is done, proceed as in the first furrow until the entire plot is completed.
3. Sowing in the garden
The right time to proceed with the sowingit falls in spring, although, in southern Italy it could be done all year round due to the temperate climate.
Before starting with the carrot sowing in the open field, make sure that the soil does not have manure residues. The fertilizer, with the working of the soil, must be well incorporated without creating aggregates.
Carry out the sowing in a row at a distance of 20 centimeters from each other to facilitate the harvest and make maintenance, weed removal, weeding easier.
After carrot sowing cover the seeds with a thin layer of soil then water to compact the soil.
There caratit needs irrigation but be careful! Irrigation must be done when the soil is completely dry and taking care not to create stagnant water.
4. Thin out the seedlings
Theresowingit must always be done in excess, when the seedlings begin to sprout and the first leaves sprout on each plant, perform a "cleaning" job. Go and thin out the plants so that between one carrot plant and the other there is a distance of at least 5 cm.
5. Care and harvest
Waiting for collected there is no need to fertilize, only to remove the weeds, limiting their growth with weeding.
After sowing, the plants should be watered with a watering can equipped with a shower, to avoid altering the distribution of the seeds or damaging the newly sprouted seedlings. Avoid pumps or jets of water that are too strong which would damage the plants in the development phase.
Grow the carrot in pots
More than for thecultivation in pots, the carrot is suitable for open field cultivation: the fleshy root needs a good depth to develop!
Who does not want to give up, can arrange onecarrot cultivationin bags or rather deep containers.
For thecarrot cultivation in potsyou will need containers at least 30 - 40 cm deep.
For the substrate, use universal potting soil as long as you mix it with perlite or pumice to ensure better drainage.
In the case of late summer sowing carrots, to protect the carrots from the sun, with cultivation in pots, move the containers to a partially shaded area until the plant has reached a height of 10 cm. Therecarrot in potit should be watered daily.
Carrot cultivation in pots or in the vegetable garden:recommended variety
Carrot varieties differ not only in terms of development and size (yes, there are small carrots and giant carrots!). There is a very tangible difference between the classic orange carrot and purple carrots.
To experiment with growing in pots or in the vegetable garden, you could alternate rows or seedlings of orange and purple carrots.
Purple carrots are rich in anthocyanins and therefore have interesting nutritional properties. In our body, the anthocyanins taken with purple carrots have an anti-inflammatory, antiallergic, vasoprotective and supportive action on the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines.
Among the varieties of purple carrot we point out, from amazon, one that can be grown all year round and, from sowing to harvest, requires a development time of about 3 months.