A guide to thecultivation of garlic, on its properties and most suitable varieties. As grow garlic in the home garden.
Grow garlic it's very simple; this plant, in fact, is very resistant and does not require particular care, especially, it resists cold, frost and is almost immune to diseases and parasites.
L'garlic it is a plant that in order to mature must stay at least 50 days in an environment with low temperatures, ie below 10 degrees and away from humidity. We will show you below how to grow garlic following some useful indications but first we will focus onplantand yoursproperty.
L'garlic it is a food that cannot be missing at the table for its proven results property beneficial.
The only sore point is the foul-smelling breath that it manages to cause through one of its active ingredients, a substance rich in sulfur known by the name of allicin.
Allicin sulphate plays an enzymatic role in cell multiplication, thus helping our body in tissue regeneration and giving elasticity to vessels and capillaries.
Garlic is popular for its vermifuge, antiviral and antibiotic properties precisely because it improves the cardiovascular system, thereby also improving our immune system.
L'garlic it is rich in minerals and vitamins such as potassium, magnesium, calcium, manganese, selenium, Vitamin C, Vitamin A, Vitamins of group B (B1 and B2) and Vitamin PP. There are also other substances including alkaloids, enzymes and phytosterols.
Garlic, plant and its varieties
The scientific name ofgarlicisAllium sativumand is part of the botanical family of the Liliacee. It would appear to be oneplantoriginally from Central Asia (Iran and Afghanistan) and its spread is so ancient that it predates the Egyptians!
There are several varieties of this species, the most common being undoubtedly white garlic.Warning!Black garlic is not a variety of garlic but simply white garlic that has undergone a fermentation process. For all information, please read the in-depth study dedicated to the benefits of black garlic:Black garlic.
For eachvariety of garlicthere are several ecotypes. The best known are:
- Of Voghiera
- Of Vessalico
- Of Agrigento
- Of Sulmona
- Of Resia
Therevarietyofwhite garlicit is the most common mainly because it has a longer shelf life. Thevarietyof pink garlicisred garlic they are earlier and are mainly used for fresh consumption.
To get startedgrow garlicchoose a variety as close to your geographical area as possible. You can start the sowing with garlic certificate of your area by burying the cloves directly.
Growing garlic, the guide
The cycle ofcultivation of garlicit lasts about 240 days if cultivation starts in autumn. 140 days are enough for the garlic transplanted in late winter.
Beware of rotations in the garden!
Garlic must not be grown several times on the same land or in the area where another plant of the Liliaceae family has been grown (leek, onion, shallot ...).
It is true that garlic is resistant to diseases but there are various pathogens and parasites (such as the nematodeDitylenchus dipsaci) which could destroy the crop by accumulating in the growing medium. Herehow to grow garlic in the garden.
1. Prepare the ground
Fertilize the soil before sowing, the most suitable fertilizer is manure. Alternatively, add a compound fertilizer that provides all the nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, sulfur and boron. A balanced supply of these elements is provided by the organic granular fertilizer (100% natural) Biostark. In soils with low fertility, add 50 grams of this fertilizer for every square meter of cultivated area.
A package of this fertilizer, on Amazon, can be bought with € 15.90 and is enough to fertilize 200 square meters of medium fertility soil (providing 40 grams of fertilizer per square meter). For all the info, I refer you to the Amazon page:biostark organic fertilizer
Alternatively, buy any organic granular fertilizer that brings the elements mentioned above. Avoid liquid fertilizers.
2. Sowing of garlic
Plant the garlic in October. For the sowing garlic it will be sufficient to break the bulb and insert the cloves into the ground.
Place them 3 cm deep with the flat base facing down.
3. Care for plants
Eliminate any weeds that could suffocate the plant throughout the season.
Water regularly, taking care to avoid water stagnation: water the necessary to keep the soil always moist
4. Collect fresh garlic
With the arrival of summer, the bulbs will begin to swell, then you can proceed to harvest them.
To be sure that the garlic can be harvested, it will be sufficient to carefully extract a single bulb from the ground and if it is too small, leave the others in their place for another two weeks
Collect all the bulbs by mid-summer to prevent the garlic from sprouting again. How is the collection done? Even by hand, carefully extracting them without breaking the integument.
Clean the bulbs from the soil and eat them fresh or leave them on the ground to dry.