Can a building to be intelligent? Probably not and perhaps it is not even desirable. However, it can be energy efficient and allow the owner an integrated approach to the management of all the assets it contains. More than intelligent, the appropriate adjective is 'smart' English, which has a broader meaning. Having said this, we can try a synthetic definition and in our opinion exhaustive.
A smart building (one smart building) is a production facility in which the information and the operations of management and use of all the assets contained are economically efficient and provide optimal services. Assets under control and well managed. Optimized and sustainable energy consumption: this is a smart building, indeed a smart building.
What are the advantages of a smart building? According to IBM, which presented its solution at the Energy Management Conference in Milan building automation to make buildings smarter, a smart building it is cheaper because it reduces energy consumption and operating costs. It is also more efficient because it has control of all available assets and how they are used.
A smart building it is also safe and effective because it has the right control over the maintenance and interventions made on the company's production assets. Also a smart building consolidates in real time all the information to the support structure to intervene in a reactive and proactive way to make further investments.
According to IBM, a smart building equipped with a good system building automation, could intervene on the 'inefficiency numbers' where they tell us that: buildings consume 42% of all electricity produced worldwide, more than any other asset. By 2025 buildings and their toxic emissions will be among the major contributors to the pollution of the planet. Buildings, in general, waste about half of the water that is supplied to them. The cost of energy alone already represents about 30% of all the operating costs of a building today.