Before reading our in-depth study entitled "grafting of the screw, methodology andperiodideal", We recommend that you read the article entitled"Grafting, the conditions for engraftment ", so as to increase the chances of success of your work.
We come to the big question:
what is the periodbest forengage a screwand above all, with what type of graft to proceed?
The debate between the best technique forengagea vine is very lit, it seems that greater chances of engraftment occur with thegraftingomega and interlocking. Without a doubt, thebest timeto operate thisgraftingoccurs in late winter.
Screw graft, the board
Period: late winter
Graft type: omega
The Omega graft is particularly used inlives,as, once cut, it has a significant leakage of lymph. To facilitate the rooting of the blondes, we proceed with the Omega grafting which creates a cut in the shape of an eyelet that allows to stabilize the inflow of lymph offering good healing. As for thelives, this type of grafting is recommended at the beginning of the vegetative rest of the plant (October-November).
Type of coupling: interlocking
The interlocking graft, such as the omega one, allows a good stabilization of the lymph flow, offering early healing. Always talking about thelives, theperiodbest to proceed with thegraftingruns from October to November, coincides with the beginning of the vegetative rest, taking some care to protect thegraftingfrom the arrival of the winter cold.
How to graft a screw, useful tips
- When making the cut, you absolutely must not tear the bark.
- The cut must be clean and involve each layer of the graft and rootstock
- Cut a graft with at least 1 or 2 buds from the valuable part of the scion.
- The “hollow part of the cut”, whether it is an interlocking or omega graft, must always belong to the rootstock.
- After making the cut (with the hollow part to the rootstock and the protruding part to the scion), match the two cuts and weld them with a strip of raffia (or with a special paper tape or with Teflon ...) right next to the cut .
* rootstock: the plant that provides the root system tonesto, that is, to the plants that come engaged.
* graft or scion: the portion of branch or shoot, provided with one or more buds, which is used to graft and multiply a given variety
* sap: the liquid solution that flows into the plant
As is clear, we have devoted a great deal of pages toGrafting of fruit trees, this is because the techniques are different and nothing must be left to chance, starting with the cut. To increase the chances of taking root, in addition to the use of a stimulating mastic, it is necessary to make a clean, clean cut without burrs. An unclear cut could cause suffering to the plant and compromise the success of the entire operation. This is why it is recommended to use well-sharpened knives or scissors designed for omega or gem cutting ... The use of the grafting knife is recommended only for those with great practicality and experience. To facilitate the entire operation, also i sector professionals now they use special grafting scissors. Grafting scissors are not expensive and on the market there are exclusive ones for a type of cut or more versatile and therefore adaptable to make different types of grafting. Among the various purchase proposals, I would like to point out what appear to be the best value for money grafting scissors:
- Professional grafting scissors - “Tink-sky Professional” - Price € 29.99
- Professional grafting scissors - "Tofern Professional ”- Price € 23.40
These grafting scissors allow you to easily obtain cuts aomega, split and interlocking (U, V and omega cuts), it is also equipped with two additional blades and the classic blades for pruning the plant. Thegrafting scissors mentionedhave similar characteristics. The only differences lie in the manufacturer and in the fact that the more expensive pruning shears allows you to cut more double branches, with a larger diameter than the Tofren shears which have a maximum opening of 12 mm.
Made of steel and durable plastic. The cutting system for grafting is particularly suitable for grafting fruit plants even if it fits well on woody branches (roses, vines and other ornamental plants). Both prices indicated include free shipping costs.
How to graft a fruit tree?
- Choose rootstock and scion
- Adjust the scissors to the type of cut (and graft) desired
- Cut the scion and the branch of the rootstock where you want to plant the scion
- Join the scion to the rootstock by adding mastic
- Seal with raffia or grafting tape.