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How to care for orchids: irrigation, fertilizer, light and care. Instructions on orchid cultivation at home or in the garden (when possible).
The orchids they are, by far, among the most popular indoor plants. It is no coincidence that they are a symbol of elegance and refinement. The orchids they are tropical plants, we are talking about very delicate species and at home it becomes very difficult to make them last long! However, it is not the case to be discouraged, in fact some useful indications are enough to have orchids always luxuriant in the house or in the garden.
The orchids Yes they can grow in the gardenonly in summer. Growing outdoors, even if only for the summer period, is feasible only for certain species. For all the information on how to grow orchids in the garden in the summer, I invite you to read the guide on how to care for orchids in the summer.
Not everyone knows but ... le orchidsI'mCAM plants. In general, when we talk about CAM plants we imagine succulents but nothing could be more wrong. Not only succulents are included in the dense list of CAM plants.
CAM plants have a very different metabolism than C3 plants (typical plants of our climate). In order not to run into problems cultivation, it is important to follow some useful indications. In this regard, here how to care for orchids in the perfect way.
How to care for orchids:the ideal temperature
Since there are many species of orchids, and each with specific needs, it is good to identify what type of orchid to keep at home or in the garden; the plants that we find on the market can be classified under 3 broad categories:
- Orchids that need temperatures over 20 degrees: it is the cso of Phalaenopsis;
- Orchids that need temperatures between 15 and 20 degrees: this is the case of Miltonia, Oncidium and Cambria
- Orchids that need rather cool temperatures: this is the case of Dendrobium and Paphiopedilum.
There are also species of orchids that can be safely planted in the ground since they are able to withstand even very rigid temperatures without problems: this is the case of the Bletilla striata
How to care for orchids:exposure and light
Light also has its importance: there are certain varieties of orchids such as the Cymbidiums that need good lighting (but never in direct sun); there are other species such as the Miltonia, which live well even in dim light.
All theorchidsthey must be kept in a shaded position in summer. A position in full light, or worse, in direct contact with the sun, could damage the flower stems. For every information:how to take care of the orchid in the summer.
How to water orchids
Most of the orchids it is of the epiphytic type, therefore it prefers rather humid environments: for this reason it is good to spray the leaves from time to time with the help of a sprayer.
The soil should never be dry: to water the orchids, simply pour the water with a watering can, letting it come out through the irrigation holes, collecting it in another container.
After watering, the plant will be put back in its saucer. Alternatively, you can immerse the jar in a water bath for a few minutes with water at room temperature.
If you decide to transfer the orchid, you will need to fill the pot with a specific compound that you can find at garden centers: it is generally made up of spruce and sphagnum bark.
How to fertilize the orchid:fertilizer for orchids
Another important recommendation is to add some fertilizer specific for orchids every 15 days to irrigation water: in this way the blooms will always be abundant.
Thereorchid fertilizationit must be carried out carefully and systematically. Arm yourself with a calendar and fertilize as follows:
- Every 10 - 15 days in the months preceding the orchid's flowering.
That is to say, from October to March, the orchid should be fertilized every 10-15 days.
- During flowering, decrease or completely stop fertilizing.
- Throughout the summer, 2 fertilizations are enough to be administered in June and late August.
Forfertilize the orchidchoose a specific liquid fertilizer. Generally, we recommend that you always choose a low-cost fertilizer and avoid specific speculations ... however, with the orchid it is necessary to choose ad hoc fertilizers because they require a fertilizer rich in nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium but above all iron.
On the market there are many fertilizers for orchids, you can find them in garden centers or by taking advantage of the online purchase. On Amazon some excellent orchid fertilizers can be found at a price of 6 - 8 euros with free shipping costs. For all information, please visit the official page: "Fertilizers for orchids on Amazon“.