Indoor and outdoor bonsai care. Advice on how to grow and care for bonsai to always have healthy and prosperous saplings.
In this guide you will find all the information on bonsai care to ensure proper growth. Looking after miniature trees more than a hobby can be considered a form of art. There bonsai care it requires patience, skill and a bit of luck.
Between species of bonsai best known are pine, ficus and maple. Some bonsai are hardy and can survive even in the garden, while others need to grow in a protected environment. Thus was born the concept ofindoor bonsai and outdoor bonsai. In reality, indoor bonsai should only be kept sheltered in the cold months of the year and taken outside from spring to autumn.
Another important aspect on the bonsai care it's about the tools we need. Let's see in detail chow to take care of a bonsai, considering the most important aspects such as irrigation, pruning, the growing environment and the use of fertilizers.
Bonsai care, irrigation
Irrigation is one of the most important elements for the care of any plant, as well as for the bonsai.
When the bonsai grows with poor irrigation, the small tree will send out various signs of distress until it decays prematurely in case of prolonged drought. An excess of water will cause the roots to rot, so you need to be able to find the right balance based on the season and the growing environment.
To regulate the frequency of watering, observe the soil: water when it starts to dry again. Warning! The substrate of thebonsaiit must never be completely dry.
Somebonsai, in summer, they require up to four waterings a day, so when you have to choose a bonsai, pay attention to the specific needs of that particular plant.
Bonsai with dry leaves
If thebonsaihas leaves that are drying quickly, you should run for cover with an emergency irrigation. In this case you should fill a basin with water and immerse 2/3 of the pot containing the bonsai in it.
How to fertilize a bonsai
Another important aspect concerns the application of fertilizer. Here everything depends on the quality of the soil that is used for the cultivation of bonsai.
To choose the most suitable soil for grow bonsai we advise you to go to your trusted nurseryman so as to report the bonsai species and choose the most suitable substrate.
Don't mind the expense of choosing the land, this plays a decisive role in the cultivation of bonsai! Calculate that the bonsai grows in a few centimeters of soil, so substrate and fertilization are everything.
As for the choice of fertilizer, many recommend choosing a water-soluble one. Actually, fertigation is inconvenient when it comes to watering the bonsai. You should always have bottles and two watering cans on hand… To make thefertilization of bonsaieasier, the ideal involves the use of slow release fertilizers.
Liquid fertilizers could only be used forflowering bonsai. Green leaf bonsai (both evergreen and deciduous) can be fertilized with universal fertilizers based on nitrogen.
The fertilizer should only be applied during the growing season and only when the soil is already wet, so perhaps after irrigation.
Generally yesfertilizerfrom spring to early summer. It suspends in the two hottest months (July - August) and resumes fertilizing in autumn. Fertilization should stop in winter.
Indoor bonsai care
For take care of a bonsai we must not forget the needs of all plants: water, nourishment, pruning and… light! Think carefully about where keep the bonsai indoors. A very bright area should be chosen but the plant should not rest against the window because it would risk getting burned. A window sill could be the ideal choice but only if it is spacious enough to prevent contact between the foliage (or branches) and the glass.
Make sure the room is not too dry, bonsai need moisture. To ensure good humidity, put some clay or porous gravel in the saucer, capable of retaining water and allowing it to evaporate slowly. In closed environments, especially in the presence of a heating system, it may be important to cool the hair by spraying water.
Starting in spring, it is good practice to move thebonsaioutdoors.
Outdoor bonsai care
The number one enemy of all plants,bonsaiincluding, it is the wind. Of course, the wind is useful for pollination but it can damage plants a lot and is the first cause of dehydration.
THEoutdoor bonsaithey should be placed in a place sheltered from the wind. During the summer they should be slightly shaded places while, in the cold season, they should be placed in full sun.
If you want to start acultivation of bonsaihighly personalized, follow the instructionshow to grow bonsai from seed.