How to dry fruit: all methods of drying fruit. In the oven, naturally with sun exposure and in electric dryers.
You don't need a dryer fordrying fruit at home. L'dryingit is one of the oldest ways to preserve fruit and vegetables. Our ancestorsdriedfruit by taking advantage of direct exposure to sunlight, industries today employ particular itemsdryerswhile in the home we can follow the example of our ancestors or use the oven.
For natural drying, it is better not to place the fruit in full sun but place it in a half-shade place where the sun's rays are at least partially filtered.
If you are a lover of good DIY cooking, you can find stimulating the book dedicated to "Drying in the kitchen" with 66 recipes, plus techniques and tips for preserving and enjoying food for a long time. For all information: "Drying in the kitchen“.
How to dry fruit in the sun
Thanks to the sun it is possible to dry all the fruits. The costs are zero but the "work"Manpower is high: you must be careful to bring the fruit back to a sheltered and dry place during the night. Humidity can cause mold so it is important to take the fruit to shelter at sunset and to place it, for drying, in a dry and well-ventilated place.
For drying the fruit in the sun you have to wait for the summer months, when the days get longer and the sun burns high.
Another condition is the location: the fruit must be displayed in dry and well-ventilated areas. For drying, the fruit must be cut into thin slices and exposed on narrow mesh nets (sieve type, the same used to dry oregano or chamomile) that allow transpiration.
Exposure times vary according to the type of fruit to be dried and the thickness of the slices, in some cases it may take more than 15 days.
Thanks to the sun it is possible to dry any fruit and vegetable:
The sun can also help dry vegetables such as zucchini, tomatoes, carrots, mushrooms and chillies.
How to dry fruit in the oven
Dry the fruit in the ovenit is a very expensive and also risky operation! Just think that drying times can vary from 2 to 12 hours! In some cases it is recommended to dry the fruit at eight hour intervals.
The drying in the oven is carried out at temperatures between 40 and 60 degrees and with the door semi-open.
While the fruit is inside the oven, in order for it not to burn, proper ventilation must take place. It will be necessary to keep the door slightly open both if the oven is ventilated and if the oven is static. In the case of a static oven, the door must be kept half open.
How to dry fruit with the dryer
There are many models ofdryerseven at extremely affordable prices: a small dryer costs around 30 - 40 euros.
The dryers of the latest generation offer a reduction in energy consumption of up to 40 percent, constant temperature control and management and adryingof higher quality than that obtained from the use of an oven or drying in the sun.
If you have to buy a dryer only to use it once a year, it is not worth it ... On the contrary, if during the year you intend to prepare dried mushrooms, dried figs, dried vegetables and other dried fruit, consider buying them . Meanwhile, for completeness, I point out the various offers on Amazon:dryers on Amazon. It is a good idea, before purchasing, to read the reviews of other users in order to understand what are the weaknesses of the product in question.
Remember that unfortunately there is no perfect product so be ready to compromise… For example, if you want to dry whole figs, you need a dryer and the times could be 18 hours. Plus the cheaper dryers often have lower shelves than the size of a whole fig and therefore forces you to cut it in half.
How to evaluate the price of a dryer? The most complete dryers (and therefore more expensive because they are often defined professional dryers) allow you to regulate, in addition to controlling heat, humidity and air speed, and therefore also drying times.
Amazon can be a good point of comparison because it gives the possibility to read the experiences of users who have already used a certain product. Better read up and leave nothing to chance! :)
You may also be interested in our related article: How to dry chillies.