ThereTillandsiais a plant belonging to the family ofBromeliads,it is native to Central America but adapts to the Mediterranean climate. When it comes toTillandsiawe refer to over 500 species, divided into 6 subgenera, all without underground roots and all with the ability to absorb moisture from the air. The particularity of theTillandsiais that together with humidity it is able to absorb large doses of agentspollutants, for this it can be counted among the plants capable of purifying the air.
According to the results of tests conducted by the University of Bologna, the Tillandsia can be used to monitor thepollution or even eliminate the pollutants present in the atmosphere, even in massive doses. According to numerous publications, the Tillandsiait would be able to absorb the powders loaded with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, or benzopyrenes, carcinogenic substances coming from the incomplete combustion of petrol and diesel.
Tillandsia, excellent for urban centers
Given its capabilities, theTillandsiacould be an excellent ally ofhealthespecially if grown on the balconies overlooking busy centers and by city administrations as urban furniture. Cyclists and pedestrians will thank you!
In the city they could be grown anywhere: on light poles, on electric wires and even on the supports of antennas and receivers, with ordinary maintenance, tillandsiait will not obstruct the operation of any appliance. In nature, these plants grow on the tops of trees or on rocks.
There tillandsianot only captures thepollutantsin the atmosphere, it is able to absorb and eliminate them by means of asimplemetabolic process. An urban wall can be used for the cultivation of tillandsiaand with a single small wall carpeted with this plant, an entire apartment could be freed from pollutants. He has already planned to install panels full of plants to be placed on the most congested city streets.
Cultivating the Tillandsia
There tillandsia it is a cheap plant: it has a very low purchase cost and does not require special care. Based on the sun exposure, you can choose thegreen tillandsiaor thatgray.
Theregray tillandsiait is more suitable for sunny environments: it is rich in trichomes with the dual function of shielding the sun's rays and absorbing moisture, due to the massive presence of trichomes, the gray tillandsia, to the touch, appears particularly velvety. Conversely, thegreen tillandsiait is more suitable for growing in the shade.
Theretillandsiait adapts well to any environment and its ideal growth temperature ranges from 10 to 32 ° C. Among the 500 species there are those who adapt best to the cold. If grown in ideal conditions, the plant, from October to April, can give very particular blooms.
How much to water the Tillandsia
Tillandsia likes frequent watering by spraying water on its leaves which can be done with a sprayer. Watering must be more abundant in the hot summer months.
Flowering of Tillandsia
The flowering of Tillandsia usually takes place in the final part of summer with a real explosion of very bright colors that stand out with the light and tapered leaves.
Exposure to light and ideal temperature for Tillandsia
Tillandsia requires plenty of light for most of the day but it would be better to avoid direct exposure to the sun's rays in the hottest periods of summer.
The ideal temperature for the cultivation of Tillandsia is around 20 degrees even if it can withstand much lower temperatures, for some species even close to zero degrees.
Tillandsia care and pruning
There tillandsia it does not need pruning: to keep it "in perfect shape" you can therefore just clean it from dry leaves.
Reproduction of Tillandsia
There Tillandsia reproduces via shoots which are generated from an adult plant, which can be detached and used to create new plants.
Since Tillandsia is one of the few plants that does not need soil, you can fix the shoots that you have detached from the mother plant to the support you have chosen by simply using scotch tape.
THE seeds of Tillandsia they are not the ideal solution for its multiplication as the growth process of the plant starting from the seed takes a very long time.
Diseases of Tillandsia
There Tillandsia it is frequently attacked by scale insects and aphids. To learn how to fight these annoying guests, we recommend reading our article dedicated to natural remedies against aphids and scale insects.
Where to buy the Tillandsia
There Tillandsia is on sale on Amazon. On this page you can order a pack of 6 Tillandsia which received excellent comments from those who bought it.
Plants on which to grow Tillandsia
If you don't know where to grow / "anchor" yours Tillandsia you could evaluate one dracena massangeana: another plant that will help you improve the air quality of your apartment.