How and when to prune roses: the right period for pruning the rose, which branches to cut and advice on how to intervene in order to have abundant blooms.
There pruning of roses has the purpose of stimulating flowering and giving the plant an orderly shape in harmony with the environment of cultivation(in pot or in open field).
When to prune roses:the right period
The best time for the pruning of roses varies by geographic region. Generally speaking, we can say that the pruning of roses can be done towards the end of autumn in the south and towards the end of winter in the north ... Before talking about period of pruning roses it must be understood that climatic factors can greatly affectwhen to prune roses.
Central-Southern Italy and Islands
In the mild climate areas, typical of central and southern Italy, the best period for prune the roses falls between autumn and winter, specifically we recommend providing for pruning of roses from the end of November until the end of January so as to anticipate the first flowering which in these geographical regions can take place from the first days of April.
In cold areas, the best time for prune the roses it falls at the end of winter, that is, from mid-February to all of March. Those who live in the far north of Italy, where the frosty days are prolonged, should even wait until the end of March or early April. Late frosts could damage the severed branch.
Post-pruning treatments of the rose
To avoid damage to the cut branches and protect roses from hail, late frosts and fungal diseases, I recommend spreading a healing and protective product on the cut branch such as a simple mastic for grafting. There are "2 in 1" products on the market but if you have the classic mastic for grafts at home ... this will be fine! Typically, grafting mastics are enriched with copper-based compounds that not only protect the cut from frost but also from disease. Those who prefer a more specific product can buy "2 in 1" mastics but ... I repeat, if you have the classic mastic for grafts at home, it will also be good for protecting roses!
Among the most effective "2 in 1" products, we point out the arbokol mastic with an enriched formula to protect plant wounds (cuts). This product can be found in the most well-stocked garden ceter or by taking advantage of the online purchase: on Amazon you can buy it with 11.07 euros with free shipping costs. A jar will last you forever if you keep it well sealed and in a dry place.
Useful link from Amazon: arbokol classic mastic
Another precaution, the brush must be washed immediately otherwise the mastic dries up and you will have to throw it away. The putty is highly washable but only if you clean the bristles just after use. For the same reason, prune the roses and apply the mastic on a dry day and without risk of rain, otherwise you will be forced to put it back on.
How to prune roses
There pruning differs according to the different types of membership. Before seeing the general information, we will give specific advice based on the botanical species to which it belongs.
Often, if therose does not bloomit is the fault of poor pruning and management of the branches.
Pruning of Botanical Roses
Botanical roses only need one pruning of tidying up (shortening the branches that brought the flowers by a third). This plant should be pruned before flowering (it blooms only once in spring) because rose hips form after the flowers (small fruit) which when ripe become very decorative and brighten up the garden until the following autumn-winter.
Pruning of hybrid tea roses
For these shrubs you will have to shorten the one-year old branches by two thirds, it is advisable to cut at the height of the third or fifth bud, from the point of intersection of each branch so as to keep only 3 to 5 main branches.
Pruning of park roses and Floribunda
The floribunda roses and from park they should be pruned by slightly shortening the branches only by a quarter. These shrubs have a luxuriant and floriferous vegetation and as for all the other roses, too old branches must be eliminated from below.
Pruning of sarmentose roses
They bloom between May and June and are pruned at the end of flowering by eliminating at the base (or at the point of intersection on a main stem) all the branches that have just brought flowers, leaving only the new branches. Shorten branches that are too long.
How to prune roses:which branches to cut to have abundant blooms
In this paragraph we will give you details onhow to prune rosesbased on the most common varieties grown in Italian gardens.
Therosemost widespread, in fact, bloom on new branches and thepruningaims to stimulate the development ofbranchesthat will bring more flowers.
When you have toprune a rose, you must think that:the more shoots the plant emits, the greater the number of flowers.
How to prune bush roses
For therosethat grow into a bush, the branches should be shortened to the desired height, about 30 cm from the ground and leaving 2 or 3 buds on the branch. In this way you will be able to thin out the foliage, maintain the shape of the bush, strengthen the plant and leave the buds from which more flowers will develop. In fact, at the vegetative restart, the buds left will lengthen and will begin to produce more roses.
How to prune climbing roses
In climbing roses you have to cut the branches, leaving them a little longer. Consider leaving at least 6 buds for each branch you are going to shorten. If the plant is very young (less than two years old), you can tie the branches to the stakes (specially planted poles, a gate, a grate ...) so that the plant can expand its surface, increase vegetation and offer more blooms. abundant.
Rules for pruning roses
There are also pruning rules valid for each species and variety of rose. Regardless of the rose you grow, you must eliminate the suckers (i.e. those branches that grow at the base of the plain). You have to cut the branches that are damaged, dry, diseased, damaged by hail… When you cut a branch, make an oblique cut and remove it at the base. When cutting, make sure that the exposed section should be healthy and green or white.
Remember to add protective putty to protect yourscultivation of roses.
How to choose the scissors for pruning roses
There are many types of scissors on the market, from traditional ones with curved blade, to pneumatic or ratchet scissors. Each type of scissors is well suited for pruning some tree species and others a little less. For more information, please read the article:pruning shears, tips for choosing.