Those looking for original plants to decorate the garden, can point to parrotia persica, a valid alternative to the more famous maple. There Parrotia persica it is a medium-sized species which in the autumn period gives a crown of warm shades (red - orange - yellow).
There Parrotia persica, belonging to the Hamamelidaceae family, grows in extensive forests in its habitat of origin: Western Asia and the Caucasus. It is a deciduous plant that reaches an average height of 5-6 meters and a diameter of 4-6 meters.
Leaves, flowers and fruits
When grown in full sun, in autumn, it produces bright red foliage. The color of autumn leaves varies according to exposure but also to the type of soil, it grows well both in calcareous and slightly acidic soil; with soil tending to acid, the leaves take on more intense colors.
In the spring - summer color, the leaves have a bright green color. The flowers are red and just 1.5-2 cm in diameter and grow in bunches: the Parrotia blooms in late winter (between February and March), before emitting the leaves it lost between late November and early December. The flowers are followed by small fruits, elongated reddish-brown capsules, just under a centimeter long and which ripen in late spring. This plant is suitable for decorate the garden as flowers, leaves and fruits have a particular ornamental value.
In addition to the typical species just described, there is also one with drooping branches, this is the variety Pendula which reaches a maximum height of 2-3 meters.
How to grow Parrotia persica
There Parrotia it can be grown both as a sapling and as a shrub so as to create a great ornamental effect; in case it comes cultivated as a shrub, it is necessary to remove the tip of the main stem as soon as the plant reaches a height of 100 - 150 cm. This plant tolerates pruning very well, in fact it can give the foliage a regular and square shape.
Planting is carried out in late autumn or early spring: planting is carried out when the plant has no leaves and is in vegetative rest. After planting, it is necessary to irrigate moderately (only if there is no rain). For the rest, this plant has no particular needs, it prefers a fertile and deep soil and only in cases where the branches grow out of the shape of the canopy it is necessary to shorten them before the leaves appear. It is a hardy plant that resists disease well so no pesticide treatments are required.