Ornamental hens: breeds, dwarf hens and useful information. Points of reference for the sale and breeding of the most beautiful specimens of hens.
Theornamental hensthey are oftenbredat an amateur level in the domestic campaign. The most beautiful specimens often appeal to educational farms and accommodation facilities such as farmhouses, rural B & Bs and farms open to the public. Raising ornamental hens is not difficult at all, usuallybreedingofornamental hensit is conducted in large aviaries on the ground and outdoors.
Points of reference for those who want to breed them
Only a few years ago, in Italy, aClubwhich deals with the protection ofornamental hens. The Club is made up of passionate breeders who together with theItalian Federation of Poultry Associations (FIAV), try to entice new fans toto breedbreeds of poultryornamentalfollowing precise guidelines so as to preserve its typical characteristics.
The FIAV plays an essential role in safeguarding thepoultry biodiversity. Just think of the famous "Paduan" ornamental hen which, in the 1960s, almost risked extinction. With a careful work of enhancement, the FIAV has managed to restore to the Paduan hen (an ornamental tufted hen) the auspicious of the past: today it is very widespread and appreciated among amateur breeders. The FIAV, therefore, is an excellent point of reference for those who want information onStingray.
Raising ornamental hens
For those starting out, we recommendraise ornamental henswith few needs, while those who want to associate racesornamentalto the production of eggs, it is advisable to preferlaying hens ornamental.
Are there ornamental hens that are also laying hens? Sure! All ornamental hens lay eggs, albeit in limited quantities. Those who want an ornamental laying hen can point to the Sicilian hen or the Paduan hen, just to mention two breeds. The Sicilian hen is excellent laying hen which lays eggs with a white or sometimes light brown shell, weighing about 45 grams. The Paduan hen is a very beautiful tufted hen, lays 160 to 200 eggs per year, the eggs are about 55 grams and this too has a white shell.
The ornamental breed ofSicilian henthe most widespread is the "gold neck”Even if the Italian standard also recognizes the less common white, black and blue colors.Raising the ornamental henSicilian does not involve difficulties: it is a very rustic chicken,country, which loves large spaces where it can graze throughout the day.
Thisornamental henis native to Sicily, so it prefers mild climates, it can also be bred in Northern Italy but it will be necessary to take some safety measures to protect theSicilian henduring the winter: breeders must arrange shelters that are well sheltered from the cold and frost.
For the breeding of the Sicilian breed, only one rooster every 3-4 hens will be enough, this ratio guarantees a large number of broods of chicks as it is a laying breed, very prolific.
Ornamental hens: Breeds
Thebreeds of ornamental hensthey are very numerous, for each breed, moreover, different variants are recognized both in terms of size (as is the case of ornamental dwarf hens) and coloring.
In this list we will give you the names of some of theornamental breedsmore popular, there will be no shortage of ornamental dwarf hens such as the Dutch and Cochinchina.
- Dwarf cochinchina
- Dwarf wyandotte (among the most popular dwarf hens)
- Dutch dwarf
- Paduan giant tuft (Paduan hen)
- Paduan curly nano tuft (dwarf paduan hen)
- Hamburg scoured
- Dutch forelock
- Giant Brahama
For the sale it is good to contact a reliable breeder. On the web there is no shortage of advertisements between individuals, even cheap. In this case, make sure you have the real photo of the specimen in question and also the description of the progeny and the age. From the photo you can check if coloring and characteristics coincide with the official ones.
Types of hens
Ornamental hens can be raised solely for their appearance, as is the case with many amateurs or for other purposes. So we can classify threetypes of hens:
- Ornamental hens
- From meat
Some ornamental hens are also suitable for the production of meat, such as the case of the Paduan hen which, although of medium tonnage, is considered an excellent choice. Its dark meats are counted among the Slow Food presidia, therefore they are considered our gastronomic heritage.
Black hen: Cemani and Valdarno
Speaking of "black hen" is very generic. The Valdarno hen has a black plumage as well as the Cemani hen, characterized by a completely black livery. The cemani is thereblack henpar excellence: this ornamental hen has completely black plumage, legs, tarsi, nails, crest, eyes and wattles. Only the egg shell is of the classic light orange color.
The Valdarno hen has a red crest, white wattles and lead-colored legs. It is the only one in Italy to have this color of legs together with the Paduan hen.
The "Cemani" ornamental breed was not included in the list above. This ornamental hen is a breed native to Indonesia. The term Cemani means "completely black". It has been present in Italy, France, Germany and other European countries only since 1998.