Thegraftsare methods ofpropagationvery popular. Thanks tograftsit is possible to obtain a much more robust plant than the original one. Today we will analyze each type ofgrafting.
The best time to do the grafts
To know when to graft we refer you to the articleWhen the graft is performed? because the ideal period varies according to type of graft but mainly based on the plant from graft; in any case, days with high humidity and no wind should be preferred.
What are the main grafting techniques?
The split graft differs into two sub-categories respectively called "double English vent" or "simple English split". It is about thegraftswhich give greater guarantees oftaking root. To practice these types ofsplit grafts it is necessary to have seedlings of the same size as the scions to be grafted, so that the two cutting surfaces match optimally. For tying thesplit graft, insulating tape is excellent while for many others grafting techniques raffia is recommended.
With the crown graft, very common when it comes to grafting citrus, the scion is inserted between the bark and wood of the subject to be grafted after the basal part has been well prepared. The crown graft presents greater chances of engraftment for larger wild grafts.
The triangle graft requires some practice. It can give excellent results but only if done properly. It is more resistant to cracking when compared to the split or crown graft types.
Zufolo graft(pictured below)
It is among thegraftsmore common among past generations of farmers even if it has now been abandoned. Its abandonment is due to the fact that it leaves many areas uncovered from which diseases or parasitic attacks can arise. The zufolo grafting should be performed in spring, when the plants are already rich in sap. A ring of the bark with a bud is grafted: once the ring of the scion has been inserted (its diameter must perfectly match that of the chosen plant) they will have to join upwards or remove the bark flaps of the rootstock.
Eye or shield couplings
It is performed in the first half of August and requires a lot of care. For the execution, a sleeping gem is chosen. A T-cut is made in the bark of the rootstock, the flaps are raised and the eye is inserted. L'eye graftit is also known asscudetto graft.
With the omega graft it is necessary to choose a scion with stationary buds, that is, those that have not started to swell. For this reason it is necessary to detach from the mother plant, in the middle of winter, the branch or branches destined to supply the slips.
The bud grafting is one of the simplest grafting techniques to operate. Bud grafts are popular in fruit growing because they have a high probability of success.