Lawn and maintenance these are words that match all year round. And woe to think that the lawn maintenance is a practice only in spring or summer. In every season - a little more or a little less - there are things to do if you want a beautiful, healthy and green lawn.
Lawn maintenance and spring care
Let's start with spring because it is the season (together with autumn) in which the lawn is sown. The best period for this operation is March-April, taking advantage of the spring rains and mild temperatures (the ideal temperature for sowing is around 15 ° C). For seeds, remember that: lolium is fescue they have a good aesthetic effect but are sensitive to thermal and water stress. The variety poa pratensis it is among the most robust and suitable for a rustic lawn, also because it expands easily.
If the lawn is already done, mowing must begin in March-April. It starts with a shave every two to three weeks and gets to one a week. The ideal for the home turf is to keep the height of the grass between 2 and 4 centimeters (a little more if the lawn is in the shade) which means precisely cutting the lawn with frequent cuts until autumn. . The grass should never grow too much and never remove more than a third of the leaf with a cut.
Spring is also the time for a light scarification of the lawn in order to re-seed it in the sparser areas and restore any barren areas. Scarification also serves to remove winter moss and weeds and creates the right conditions of air and light in the soil for the new seeds to take root. The bare areas must first be adjusted with the addition of new soil and leveled before re-seeding.
Lawn maintenance and summer care
If the cut grass is short, thin and well distributed on the lawn, it acts as a natural fertilizer. With the arrival of summer heat, it also acts as mulch, restoring and preserving minimal hydration to the soil and a balanced fertilizing action. The grass clippings contain nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in an 8: 1: 5 ratio which, passing through the soil, reduces the need for fertilizer. But be careful: mulching is a practice to be managed carefully and to be left for the driest periods in light soils. In fact, there is a risk that an excess of moisture is created, resulting in the formation of moss and mold.
In summer, especially in the first part, the lawn grows rapidly and absorbs a lot of nutrients. If the transfer of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium does not occur with mulching, a fertilizer (especially nitrogen and phosphorus in spring) can be used. But be careful: the soil must arrive in the summer already sufficiently 'greased' in its structure because giving too much fertilizer in the summer or giving it too often can cause an accumulation of salts and be harmful.
June, between spring and summer, is the period in which the turf in rolls is transplanted, which also serves to replace patches of dried grass. The procedure is this: once the diseased part has been eliminated, the dug and fertilized soil is prepared and the turf bought or taken from another area of the lawn is laid (the removal is done with a shovel, taking care to lift the layer grassy with at least 7-8 cm of soil below).
Summer is more than the others the period when the lawn needs daily water distributions. The most suitable times for watering are those of the early morning or late afternoon-evening. The hottest hours with the sun at peak should be avoided because, in addition to the thermal shock, the drops of water could cause a slow effect and burns to the leaves.
It is a good idea to let the water rest in a bin or watering can before using it so that it takes the temperature of the environment and deposits limescale and impurities. To remove limescale, you can also use the expedient of adding peat to the water before use. In the summer, the lawn needs approximately 4-6 liters of water per day per square meter. In a garden where there are also shrubs, hedges and plants, the quantity rises considerably. It is a lot, but remember that herbaceous plants are made up of 85-90% water.
Lawn maintenance and autumn care
Autumn, together with spring, is the period of sowing the lawn. The best time is from late September to late October, before temperatures drop too low. Autumn is also the time for overseeding the lawn, which serves to preserve a green mantle even in winter. The most used seed for this operation is lolium perenne, which should be scattered among the grass and watered abundantly if the rain is desired.
Even in autumn it is good to fertilize the lawn, but in this season priority must be given to potassium (even with slow release) which will give the grass the right nourishment during the winter rest phase. Very important in the fall is to remove any fallen leaves from the trees from the lawn using a rake or leaf blower. If the leaves remove the light from the grass, there is a risk that it will turn yellow or rot.
Lawn maintenance and winter care
During the winter when the ground is frozen and the grass is fragile, you must avoid walking on the lawn as much as possible. However, it is necessary to continue periodic cleaning of dry leaves and twigs to prevent them from rotting in the grass.
Before the frosts arrive, it is a good idea to spread a light winter cover made of light soil mixed with peat and seasoned manure over the entire surface of the lawn (excellent horse manure). In the case of particularly compact soil, a 20-30% of fine sand can also be added to the mix. For a winter cover of this type, 2.5-3 cubic meters of compost are required for every 100 square meters of lawn.
Here you will find a good spreader and fertilizer spreader