How to grow peas: they can be grown practically all over Italy and there are varieties for every need. A detailed guide onhow peas are grown:from planting to harvest.
Pea cultivation begins with thesowingor with the planting of seedlings already developed and bought from the nursery. Even before sowing (orplanting peas), however, there is something you have to decide: which variety of pea do you want to grow? Here are tips for choosing.
Growing peas: varieties
Choose the variety based on space availability and your preferences. Thevariety of peathey are divided into three large families; this classification is performed according to the dimensions that the plants reach, so we have:
- Dwarf varieties, plants of dwarf peathey reach a height of between 35-60 cm.
- Semi-climbing peas, this variety is better known ashalf-copper peas. The semi-climbing peas ohalf a copper they have a height between 70 - 80 cm up to 120 cm. They are the most common variety.
- Climbing peas, where the plant in full vegetation reaches a height of up to 150-180 cm.
Don't be fooled by names likedwarf peasorhalf-copper peas, all varieties need support for growth, even plants that develop less require stakes.
A separate mention should be dedicated tomangatutto peas, also known asjackdaws. These varieties give life to vegetables where the whole pod is consumed (that's why mangiatutto). The height of the plants is between 60 and 120 cm.
How to grow peas in pots
Sowing depth? Sowing can be done in shallow holes: 1 - 2 cm.
Those who intend to grow peas in pots should take fairly large containers, with a diameter of at least 12 - 15 cm per plant. Use fertile soil, rich in organic matter.
Where to buy pea seeds?
As stated, you can start cultivation from sowing and save a lot of pennies when starting cultivation. Or, on the contrary, you can contact a trusted nursery - or an agricultural consortium - and start growing peas from already developed plants.
You will certainly have more choice on the variety if you decide to grow peas from seed. For example, on Amazon there are all the varieties mentioned above, even with smooth or wrinkled seeds. The most popular varieties are the smooth ones. There is no shortage of early varieties (in the south they are sown in autumn), intermediate varieties and late varieties.
For the sake of completeness, I would like to point out a sachet of organic pea seeds of the half copper variety. The selection we have chosen to report can be bought at a price of € 7.96 (these are organic seeds) with free shipping costs. For all the info, I refer you to the Amazon page: Battle Organic Seeds.
Please Note: Our website has no connection with the seller of the seeds we have reported to you. We chose this product because it has been tested, because it is organic and because it has a high germinability. Either way, feel free to choose varieties and seeds based on your actual space needs.
For example, if you are thinking ofgrow peas on the balconypotted or flower, and you have a low railing or don't intend to put a brace, you'd better choosevariety of dwarf peas, less productive but also less bulky.
Growing peas from seed: sowing
When is pea sown? The period more suitable for the pea sowingit usually runs * from the end of February to the beginning of April so that the collections can be completed by the month of June.
*we said "normally" because sowing is carried out according to climatic trends. In general, keep in mind that the most suitable temperatures for seed germination are between 10 and 24 ° C. A very wide range, so much so that those who live in southern Italy cansow peaseven in autumn.
How peas are sown
The pea is sown in rows, in small furrows and at a depth of 2-3 cm and at a distance of 5 cm between one seed and another.
The distances between the rows according to the variety
- To cultivate thedwarf varietiesa distance between the rows of 40 - 50 cm is required
- In the case of half-branch or semi-climbing varieties, 60 - 80 cm is enough
- For growing climbing peas the distance is 100 - 120 cm.
During the sowing, your worst enemy will be the bird: birds love pea seeds! In this regard, you can put reflective strips placed between one brace and another. If you are sowing peas in the open field, you can take advantage of our guide on how to build a scarecrow.
The wisest thing, to protect the pea crops, would be to install small tunnels covered with anti-bird nets.
When the seedlings have reached the height of a few centimeters, remove the protections and get ready - in case you have sown semi-climbing varieties (half-branch peas) and climbing peas - to install supports. Dwarf varieties want low stakes or the plants will grow prone.
The supports will be used to support the growth of plants. Various types of material can be used to make the supports. Reeds, wooden planks, old broomsticks, sticks of all sorts…!
A support network must be placed between one axis and the other. For semi-climbing varieties, 1 - 1.50 meter high nets will suffice. While for i climbing peas the nets must be almost twice as high. Those who manage a home garden or cultivate on the balcony, can use the railings or gates as supports, even in this case, however, it will be necessary to install branches (nets), or arm themselves with patience and place courtyards that run parallel to the floor and knotted to the railings.
Remember that thepeait is a vegetable that improves the fertility of the soil so much that it is used for the practice of green manuring.
Pea plants: diseases and treatments
Eliminate weeds, do some hoeing to keep the soil in good condition and, in case of prolonged drought, irrigate.
Theillnessesthat can attack pea plants are different: pod mold, powdery mildew, downy mildew ... In these cases, a cure with fungicides is carried out. If you have other plants in your garden that have suffered from powdery mildew or downy mildew, it is worth doing a preventive treatment based on wettable sulfur.