How to grow table grapes: all information on how table grapes are grown in the small domestic garden. From the plant to the cultivation treatments.
Cultivating table grapesit is not a simple undertaking. In a vineyard oftable grapesthe works begin with pruning and go through fertilization, irrigation and protection from the cold, not to mention the measures for the prevention of some diseases that could threaten the harvest.
The first thing to do forcultivate grapesis to choose the variety that best suits your climate region. In this regard, go to your trusted dealer and ask for advice on the best variety and time for planting.
Once you have chosen the variety, you just have to proceed with the planting work. The vine needs a position in full sun. Most of the variety rootstocks are able to adapt to any climate and any type of soil, but at the time of purchase, you would do well to ask the dealer what variety it is in order to proceed better.
How to carry out the planting
For planting, a hole is made that will be shallower on dry and loose ground and deeper on compact ground; adds manure, mineral fertilizer and fine earth before planting.
For cultivate table grapesin the garden, you can choose different forms of training even if the most widespread cultivation is the "pergola" one, even more ornamental. The most suitable breeding forms for cultivate thetable grapes they are the espalier, the counter-espalier or the pergola; as stated, pergola cultivation can be very decorative on special supports but it is not without "drawbacks":
who wants cultivate table grapes in an inhabited garden it must be ready to carry out continuous cleaning work, both for the fall of the leaves and for the possible fall of the grapes if they are too ripe. Cleaning work increases in case of incorrect pruning or low maintenance of the vineyard.
How to irrigate the vine
The grape harvest begins from mid-July to the end of December, depending on the variety and cultivation technique. It should be remembered that the grapes must be irrigated starting from flowering while the irrigations must be suspended 15 days before harvest to avoid splitting the berries.
How to prune the vine
The vine produces fruit on branches of the year, so for pruning you will need to wisely cut the old branches. Pruning is preferably done in autumn or late winter. Pruning differs according to the training style: on sapling vines (for the cultivation of grapes in pots or in confined spaces) leave 3-4 buds per shoot, right on the shoots, starting from the fourth-fifth node, clusters of flowers will form. One or more permanent shoots are preserved on the pergola (or awning) vines to favor the development of vegetation.
How to grow table grapes in pots
Therecultivation of table grapesit is also possible in pots. In this context, the recommended training system is the sapling one.
For the cultivation sapling are used as supports in treated wood poles or those in concrete (which have holes for fixing the life); regardless of the support (treated wood or concrete) it will be necessary to fix the screw with galvanized wires at different heights, to which the shoots will be fixed with plastic ties.
For cultivate table grapes in pots it is important to provide deep containers with dimensions of at least 50 × 50 cm.
For the cultivation of grapes in pots it will be necessary to provide for more numerous fertilizations (even better fertigation). The pots must be placed in an airy area and in full sun so as to allow the bunches to ripen well and give you a sweet and juicy harvest.