How to plant the bulbs: instructions onplanting of flower bulbs. From the best period to the advice for landfill.
Bulbs are a vegetative organ of propagation. In the apical area of the bulb very small roots branch out while in the area close to the surface the bud develops which, depending on the species, will give life to flowers or plants.
The bulbs have the ability to withstand unfavorable situations from both a climatic and environmental point of view: cold, drought, lack of nutrients in the soil ... .. To face any adversity, the bulbs face long periods called "vegetative rest". Let's see, in detail,how to plant the bulbs following our directions.
Grow bulbs in pots
The bulbs can also be planted in pots. This gives us the possibility of creating flowered terraces in periods in which, due to temperature issues, other species are not ready, autumn and winter.
Spring flowering bulbs are the most common. These are bulbs that must be planted in the months of October, November and December. The best known are tulips, but there are daffodils, irises, crocuses, hyacinths and freesias.
Exist bulbs that bloom in winter, autumn, summer or spring. In spring, therefore, the bulbs are planted which will then bloom in summer. For more information, please read the article "Flower bulbs" where you will have a complete overview of the species to be planted at various times of the year.
How to plant the bulbs
Before planting the bulbs, you need to evaluate the exposure: most bulbous plants, while resisting cold temperatures, need direct lighting, therefore the best exposure is to the south. Most bulbs, however, do not tolerate full sun, therefore, even if exposed to the south, they prefer a partial shade area. Maybe you can grow bulbs at the foot of larger plants, where the branches filter the sun's rays.
Another aspect to consider are the air currents, especially for those who grow in pots, on the terrace or balcony. The vessel must be sheltered from possible currents, especially in cold winds. Air currents and sudden changes in temperature could compromise the growth of bulbs in pots.
How to plant bulbs in pots
After choosing the pot, pour the soil inside it: on the bottom lay a base of sand and gravel for the creation of a draining layer, able to let the water flow at the time of watering or rain, to avoid water stagnation
Place a layer of earth on top then make small holes and place the bulbs.
The holes must have a diameter equal to one and a half times the diameter of the bulb, at a distance between them, of about 5 cm and at a depth of about 10 cm from the external surface. The bulbs should be planted with the larger base and the roots facing downwards and with the bud facing upwards ready for growth.
For the depth of theplanting, you can trust the image you see above.
After digging the hole, cover the bulbs with a last layer of earth, until the whole vase is filled.
After the planting, proceed with a first watering which has the function of compacting and nourishing the compound. If you prefer, you can pour a small amount of fertilizer that will help the growth of the bulbs.
Watering, especially the initial watering, must be frequent, and then decrease with the arrival of colder temperatures.
How to plant bulbs in the garden
The planting of the bulbs in pots does not differ much from that in the ground, except for some work.
First, work the soil with a deep dig until the first 20 cm are moved.
Remove the first 8 - 10 cm of soil, arrange the bulbs on the plane alternating different species and varieties so as to have blooms of great effect.
Cover the bulbs with the soil set aside earlier. Be careful that the bulbs do not move! Squeeze lightly using your hands. Wet and avoid stepping on the area.
How to care for flower bulbs
The bulbs need little but constant care. The soil must be kept slightly moist. Faded stems will need to be removed from the plants. Unlike the flower heads, the leaves should never be cut so the plant can reabsorb the sap and recreate the bulb by now exhausted.
In most cases, the bulbs should not be removed from the ground because they are species that can survive in extreme conditions. However, those who want to use flower beds or pots for other crops can remove and store them.
How to store the bulbs
The bulbs should be stored in a closed paper bag. The bag should be placed in a dry and dark place. The bulbs must be kept well dry and clean. Before storage, brush them with a very soft bristle brush to remove any soil residues.