How to remove the otters: advice on how to remove otters from the garden and on existing measures to protect yourself from these animals. The nutria causes severe damage to the environment and agriculture, here are the info.
Containment plans for nutria
Containment plans can be implemented with the use of cages-traps, baits and shots, through the legal instrument constituted by the ordinances. All the details below.
How the otters arrived in Italy
That ofnutrieit is a deeply felt problem byfarmers and gardenersItalians. Therenutrieit was introduced in many European countries, was successfully eradicated in the nineties from England but today it remains an open question in Italy, especially in the Po Valley and in Tuscany.
It is in these areas that the nutrie they find still water, canals, rivers and ponds. Thenutriethey love swamps and wander around in land reclamation, it is on the banks, in the midst of the vegetation, that they build their dens.
On an industrial level, thenutriait is bred for its furs, and this is how it was introduced in many countries of the world, including Italy. Once upon a time, nutria fur was in great demand, a demand that ended with the spread of an ethical conscience.
In particular, in our country, following the unpopularity of fur of animal origin, some breeders to get rid of the otters (no longer marketable) have imprudently released them in nature. Within our borders, there are no natural predators that can maintain the balance between ecosystems, as a result: otters multiply dramatically and cause damage to river banks, agriculture and cause imbalance in our ecosystems.
Life cycle of nutria
As stated, thenutriait is not a native animal, it is native to South America where there are natural predators for its control. In Italy thenutria is counted among the alien animals.
The female reaches sexual maturity between 3 and 8 months so it can reproduce throughout the year with peaks between May and November. Gestation lasts an average of 132 days and the offspring is made up of 1 to 9 young. The female can give birth two or three times a year, so each nutria produces from 3 to 27 young each year.
Nutria, a protected animal? Not anymore, but animal rights activists are holding back the containment
Until recently, who was wonderinghow to get rid of nutria, had to deal with the law, since its introduction, the nutria was considered a protected animal and for this reason, any type of hunting with firearms, traps with poisons and similar measures, were considered illegal.
Today something has changed. Municipalities, provinces and regions have called severalcontainment plansin order to cull this animal. Therenutria, for some time, it has no longer been included in the list of protected animals but while containment plans exist on the one hand, environmental associations and some cities of Italy on the other are holding back and hindering any type of slaughter.
Therenutriais considered apest animal. In the Turin area alone, the estimated population of otters is over 10 thousand and even here there are continuous updates and program changes. The city of Turin, also chaired by Chiara Appendino, had launched a program ofcapture and killing of ottersin order to protect the banks of the Po 'and the agriculture of the neighboring areas. However, the 5-star administration has asked for a change of course.
Some provinces have hypothesized to act through chemical sterilization but it would seem a measure to be excluded. The hypothesized plan proposed spreading food to sterilize the otters, however this plan could also attack other animals. Surgical sterilization as implemented for istray dogs, with thenutrie, unfortunately it cannot be implemented because it is too demanding and problematic.
Nutria, damage to environments
Sure therenutriadoes damage at 360 °, we have already said that it ruins river banks, damages the environment, agriculture and devastates ecosystems. The nutria feeds, among other things, on small birds, destroys nests and also represents a danger for hunting: the same hunters can no longer find birds to hunt!
Its presence reduces aquatic vegetation, in fact the nutria destroys the embankments both by digging burrows and tunnels under water but also by destroying the vegetation so as to cause subsidence.
What does a nutria eat
Otters are omnivorous, so they can feed on anything from small animals to agricultural crops.
This rodent prefers the presence of water so much that it can remain in apnea for even more than 10 minutes. Always underwater, he digs burrows and tunnels in search of food. It destroys nests of any animal peoples the edges of rivers.
The nutria, as stated, is omnivorous so it eats everything. Since the populations of this animal are booming, it is able to destroy entire crops: otters prefer vegetables (which is why it damages agriculture so much) such as wheat, corn, rice, vegetables, soy, sugar beets ... but as anticipated, it does not disdain small animals such as birds, fish, mice, small dogs, newborn cats, eggs, chicks ...
Warning: when you try to attack or move away the coypu, if it fails to escape, it will counterattack by grinding its teeth, banging them loudly and biting. The nutria bite can be dangerous as well as painful.
How to remove the otters
Keeping otters away is not an easy task. As stated, in many regions the hunt for nutria is open. Given the sudden changes in regulations (also desired by different administrations) it is advisable to check if in one's province it is possible to hunt otters by any means (firearms, trapping ...).
The safest way toremove or eliminate the ottersprovides for the use oftraps cagesfor thecapture.
How to catch a nutria?
It is enough to equip yourself with attractive baits (a beet is fine too!) And place the cage in the areas where the otters are found. To catch a coypu you should use fairly large and sturdy cages: keep in mind that a coypu can reach and exceed 10 kg in weight. An adult reaches an average length of about 55 cm.
In agricultural land, it is possibleeliminate nutriawith special baits or traps, you just need to buy cages that are quite capacious but also much more containment as - if the spring is not solid enough - the nutria manage to escape. Here is an example of a professional trap, which bait to use? Otters are greedy for sugar beets but also for soy, vegetables and cereals such as rice, wheat and corn.