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If you want to cultivate plants in the house you should choose the ones that best suit your home environment, lifestyle and gardening skills. It is useless to choose plants that are difficult to grow if you don't have the passion, or plants that take up a lot of space if you don't have a large house. It is also better to avoid pungent or toxic plants (there are several of them) in environments frequented by children and animals.
Of course, you can go to the nurseryman and be satisfied with what there is by asking for advice on the spot. But if you want to get an idea first, and maybe make a project of the green in the house, answer these four questions:
- Do you want easy or challenging plants?
- You have a lot or little space for plants in the house?
- Are you looking for plants for the balcony / terrace or for the interior?
- Are there children and pets in the house?
The answers will guide you in choosing the essences most likely to fit well in your home and you can move on to the 'aesthetic phase', that is, where you will evaluate the appearance, shape and colors of the various plants.
In this article we want to meet the needs of those many people who love plants in the house but they do not have the so-called 'green thumb', who want indoor plants but do not have large spaces available, and who have children or animals that they would not like to see fighting with plants.
Here is a selection of plants for the home that share four characteristics:
- easy cultivation;
- at home all year round;
- little space;
- suitable for children and animals.
Then choose the ones you like best!
Acalypha hispida. Beautiful to learn from the ceiling or shelves in hanging pots. The leaves are bright green and the compact scarlet-red inflorescences last a long time (peel off when fading). Cultivation is easy when temperature and humidity are properly maintained.
Brunfelsia calycina. There are more than 30 species of Brunfelsia related to the common potato. It reaches 70 cm in height, the leaves are lanceolate and shiny but the characteristic is the flowers that are initially violet, then lavender and then white and change color from day to day.
Cymbidium sspp. (flowering plant) It is ideal for orchid lovers who do not have a house exposed to the sun. It is adaptable and easy to grow and even if a little neglected it blooms well. Flowering is spectacular when grown right.
Hoya Carnosa (Wax Flower). It is a special lianose very suitable for covering walls or ornamental separation panels. The inflorescence is composed of small white-pink flowers with a diameter of about 15 mm with a red spot in the center.
Kalanchoe blossfeldiana. It is a very popular succulent plant mainly due to its beautiful flowering. The flowers bloom from January to May in dense clusters of red (the original color), pink, yellow, orange or white. It is a plant with a short photoperiod and loves the dark: to make it bloom again it must be placed in a room that is lit for only 8 hours a day (even artificially) with night temperatures of 16-16 ° C.
Pachystachys lutea. It is a small, easy-to-grow shrub with highly ornamental flowers. During the summer the plant produces 5 cm long creamy white flowers that sprout from the base.
Vallota speciosa. It is a plant with evergreen leaves and scarlet-orange drooping flowers. It is particularly suitable for sunny windows. Undemanding, just leave it in a cool place, fertilized and watered in moderation.
Asplenium Nidus (deer tongue). Very ornamental, it loves shade and is an excellent indoor plant. Easy to grow, you need to pay particular attention to the soil which must be a little acidic and well drained. If the leaves wither, the air is too dry and you need to sprinkle a little water.
Beaucarnea sspp. Nolina recurvata is often called this, which is very similar. Beaucarnea is native to the desert regions where it reaches 9 meters in height. At home it is easy to grow by keeping it away from low temperatures and usually does not exceed one meter in height.
Codiaeum variegatum pictum (Croton). The leaves have a wide range of shapes, colors and shades. It reaches one meter in height but with regular pruning in spring it can be contained. Love constant heat all year round.
Dioscorea elephanipes. It has heart-shaped leaves with very marked veins. It is a very rare and strange plant due to the woody stump that resembles a tortoise shell that forms a scaly semicircle up to 30 cm in diameter.
Monstera delisiosa (Philodendron). Due to its particular appearance and the considerable size of the leaves, it is one of the most common leafy apartment plants. It can reach 6 meters in height and leaves 1 meter in length. Cultivation is easy, but the Philodendron should be kept away from direct sunlight.
Scindapsus aureus (Potos). In the genus there are 25 fast-growing species that are easy to grow. They can be grown either by climbing them on a stake or by letting them fall from a hanging pot. It is one of the most popular houseplants due to the strength and beauty of the leaves.
Yucca. It is one of the easiest houseplants to recognize due to the woody stem. The genus includes about 40 species, but only a few can be grown indoors without difficulty. Among this is the Yucca alaifolia.
Cephalocereus senilis (Old man's head wax). It is grown very well in pots indoors all year round, and can also be outdoors only in the warmer southern areas. Of Mexican origin, in nature it reaches 12 meters but in pots it usually stops between 0.5-1 meters with 15-20 cm of diameter.
Crassula sspp. It is a genus that includes about 150 species of succulent plants. Mostly they rest in the summer and feature vibrant blooms in the winter. There are also climbing and hanging ones suitable for growing in hanging pots.
Echinopsis sspp. From the family of the cactacce, it has central and radial spines but not hard or toxic and the animals do not fear them. Flowering often occurs between May and September and is very often nocturnal and lasts only 48 hours.
Gymnocalycium sspp. There are about 50 species of them and they are succulent perennial plants. The nice feature is the large, brightly colored top flowers in yellow, pink or white.
Lobivia famatimensis. The name is the anagram of Bolivia, the country where many of these species grow spontaneously. They require very little care and are prized for their spectacular, brightly colored flowers.
Mamillaria zeilmanniana. It is covered with soft thorns and white fluff, with purple-red flowers. It has a clipped head shape, about 5 cm high. The flowers bloom in June-July.
Matucana. Flowering takes place in spring-summer and nurserymen usually have many forms and cultivars selected for ornamental purposes, even significantly different from each other. Some species of the genus Borzicactus are also classified as Matucana.
And if you like the vegetable garden ...
We are talking to non-experts (who perhaps will become) looking for ideas for decorating the house with greenery. My advice is to start having fun with something easy ready to use like the The extravagant vegetable kit
PS These plants are easy to grow but don't over-treat them. Without water (or with too much water in some cases) and a little fertilizer they will dry out and you will have to throw them away. Speaking of indoor plants, temperature and relative humidity of the air are important. You can keep them in check with this simple one thermometer hygrometer with clock
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