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How to grow chamomile: How to grow chamomile: here are all the useful indications for the cultivation of chamomile both in the garden and in pots. From sowing chamomile to harvest. Tips on drying.
Chamomile is one officinal plant popular for its countless beneficial properties. It can be grown in the vegetable garden, in the garden or on the balcony, comfortably in pots. It can be grown not only for its therapeutic properties but also for its aesthetic aspect. Its flowers are graceful and fragrant.
Chamomile blooms for a long time and can give an excellent aesthetic impact: it looks great along the edges of flower beds, the vegetable garden or the garden, or in pots on the balcony. Its delicate and light appearance lends itself to complete any floral composition both in the ground and in a vase.
Common chamomile and Roman chamomile
There common chamomile it can still be found spontaneously in various places in Italy, in uncultivated meadows. Common chamomile is edible and has calming and soothing properties, while Roman chamomile hardly grows in the wild.
Everyone is known for its sedative properties, thanks to the presence of flavonoids. It is able to be protective for the stomach, it is effective for those with gastric and digestive disorders and for those suffering from menstrual pain. Its spasmolytic and antioxidant properties are also recognized… in short, chamomile is a real natural calming agent. For this reason, perhaps it is worth cultivating it and producing its beneficial and relaxing herbal teas on your own!
For all information on therapeutic properties we refer you to the page: chamomile, properties. Let's see nowhow to grow chamomile following some useful indications.
How to grow chamomile, the indications
- Terrain and location
Chamomile prefers soils well exposed to the sun, but protected from winds; they can be calcareous, but not dry: some humidity must be present. It fears water stagnation: stagnant water causes it to rot! In addition, too humid air and frequent rains can ruin flowering.
- Sowing and multiplication
Sowing is indicated for common chamomile, but not for the Roman chamomile which is easier to reproduce by division of the tufts. THEchamomile seedsthey are easy to find at agricultural consortia or by taking advantage of online sales. On Amazon, chamomile seeds can be bought for a few euros. For all information we recommend the official page:chamomile seeds on Amazon.
Theresowingit can take place directly in the field (in the garden, pot or vegetable garden) without the need to sow in a protected environment. In case ofincome cultivationyou will have to use 4 to 7 kg of seeds for each hectare of cultivated land. At the time of sowingkeep in mind that thechamomileIt does NOT grow in acidic soils.
When to sow common chamomile? From July to February of the following year! Yes, sowing can be carried out in a very long period of time: chamomile seeds germinate when there is moisture in the soil so, in case of sowing in summer or late spring, you will have to irrigate after sowing.
THE chamomile seeds they must not be buried, so you can proceed with broadcast sowing or with a very light post-sowing rolling.
Grow Roman chamomile
Here's how to proceed with the cultivation of Roman chamomile. At the end of summer, once the flowers have fallen, you can take creeping parts of the stem with roots at the base of the plants. Once this is done, put them in jars, just like you do with cuttings. You can then transplant them in the ground or in the largest pot at the end of October or in spring, those planted in autumn go into production earlier, but it will be those that you transplant in the spring to run less risks and have more chances of taking root.
- Cultural care
Chamomile does not require special fertilizations, just the one carried out during the transplant phase. Before sowing, however, you must clear the soil of weeds, to avoid excessive competition when the plant is still 'small and defenseless'.
As for watering, remember to do it regularly, to guarantee them a flourishing and healthy growth. The flowers do not like rain, so proceed with watering the soil by infiltration, taking care to avoid water stagnation. So pay attention to the permanent water in the saucer.
- Flowering and Harvesting of Chamomile
Chamomile blooms from the month of May. You can only use the flowers of the plant that you can harvest during the summer: better in July and August when they are more 'balsamic' and better if they have only been open for a few hours. Harvesting should be done in the morning, when the days are dry and free of dew.
- How to dry chamomile tea
With chamomile we can prepare excellent herbal teas: just spread the freshly picked flower heads on a trellis in a shady and ventilated place, just like it has always been done with common chamomile. Once this is done, turn them very gently twice a day, so within a week you will have uniform drying. Finally, place them in a beautiful glass jar ... and away with the herbal teas!
Chamomile, income cultivation
Chamomile is a herbaceous plant that arouses good interest from an economic point of view. It is requested by wholesalers, herbalists, galenic, homeopathic and cosmetic extraction laboratories.