Having a garden on the balcony means dedicating yourself to cultivation in pots; an alternative way to always have fresh vegetables at the table.
Potted vegetables are sown like those in the ground, but cultivation requires special care and attention. In this regard we will show you how to perform the cultivation in pots giving you some very useful information. For more information, read "How to grow a vegetable garden on the terrace"
Garden cultivation in pots, golden rules
- Watering frequency
Water more frequently; soil in the pot dries much faster than in open ground. In summer, water even twice a day, especially if the plants have filled the pot with their roots. To see if the soil is really dry, just stick your finger in the pot for a couple of centimeters, if you feel that it is dry even below the surface, it means that it is time to water.
- Deep irrigation
Irrigate deeply, making sure that all the soil in the pot has moistened and not just on the surface. In this regard, just water repeatedly, waiting for the water to flow out of the drainage hole, therefore empty the saucer, if it has been placed, and repeat the operation until you feel that the pot has become heavy.
If the container is too large to be lifted, give the water a little at a time, so that it has time to expand and suspend when the saucer is filling.
Be careful though, the water in the saucer must not always be present, but only the time necessary for it to be absorbed by the soil and not remain in the saucer for days.
Fertilize more often as frequent watering also removes nutrients from the soil. Depending on the vegetables, it may be necessary to fertilize even every two weeks. For this practice, choose liquid fertilizer, easily absorbed by the roots of plants, or earthworm humus, or simple compost. If you opt for liquid fertilizer, make sure you buy a complete, organic one.
Even if the crops in pots are less prone to diseases and pest attacks than those of a garden in the open ground, it is good to check the leaves of our vegetables often, to avoid panic when faced with infestations that are now too advanced.
Initial attacks, which are still small in size, are easier to remedy and contain.
If an intervention is necessary, it is possible to use some natural pesticides, such as Marseille soap, nettle macerate, garlic infusion.
Another good practice, to avoid the spread of fungi or parasites, is the replacement of the earth in the pot.