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The mulberry blackberries, which are the berries of the plant, contain a treasure in terms of antioxidants, amino acids, minerals and vitamins. The problem is to find them, because the mulberry tree is no longer as widespread as it once was, and to collect them before they end up on the ground and are lost.
For collect mulberry blackberries gardening nets are useful, such as those used for olive harvesting. But you have to keep them raised from the ground, where the berries would be ruined immediately. The solution is to tie the net to the branches under the canopy of the plant and use it as if for fishing. Remembering to empty it frequently because the mulberry blackberries that fall are already well ripe (at the right point) and if there are too many in the net the weight could damage them.
To preserve sorose, which is another way of calling the mulberry blackberries, you have 4-5 days out of the fridge, 3 weeks in the fridge and up to 12 months if they are frozen. However, remember that 'freezing' and 'freezing' are two different things and 'freezing' is not something that can be done with the normal home freezer.
To the collection of mulberry blackberries we work from May (beginning or end of the month depending on the climate) until mid-July (even later with some varieties) but first you have to find the plants. When sericulture was practiced in the countryside, mulberries were widespread because the leaves were the nourishment of the silkworms. Today, however, there are no longer many in the countryside, where they often mark the boundary between one field and another.
Nets for the collection of mulberry blackberries
Personally, I recommend planting at least one mulberry tree for anyone who has a garden with enough space to do so (the height ranges from 4 to 20 meters depending on the species) because, in addition to giving mulberry blackberries, it is a beautiful plant, it is perfect for creating shady areas thanks to its thick foliage, and it is a good home for the hornets that pollinate the garden.
We were talking about species, those of the mulberry are about fifteen but there are three main types: white, black and red. The first difference is in the plant:
The white mulberry (Morus alba) is the one with the greatest development and can reach 20 meters in height, something to keep in mind if you plan to plant one. The white name depends on the light colored buds, not the berries which can be white, pink or black. The white mulberry, originally from central China, was the most used for feeding silkworms and is also the one that best resists the cold.
The black mulberry (Morus nigra) is also native to Asia, in the southernmost part, and was already widespread in Roman times. The development of height and also that of the crown is lower than in white mulberry and the opening of the buds is later in spring. The berries are black.
The red mulberry (Morus rubra) is instead common in the United States, central and south-eastern areas, and is the smallest of the three. The berries are bright red tending to black when fully ripe.
The mulberry blackberries they have a prominent place among the so-called 'superfoods' (an Anglo-Saxon definition that also refers to currants, blueberries and raspberries), that is, foods with dietary and healing properties considered important for the defense of health. Calorie intake is low (43 calories / 100 grams of fruit), high iron content ((1.85 mg / 100 grams of fruit) and potassium, manganese and magnesium are present, in addition to vitamins C, K and complex B.
But the interest of doctors and phytotherapists for mulberry blackberries depends above all on the high content of polyphenols, flavonoids and on the antioxidant activity (anthocyanins and resveratrol) which makes them an irreplaceable prevention tool for cell aging diseases, degenerative diseases of the nervous system, diabetes, bacterial infections, inflammations and tumors. Some properties depend on the color of the berries:
The white mulberry blackberries (from white mulberry) they have a particularly sweet taste, but little acidity and the taste suffers, resulting quite flat. They contain proteins, tannins and rutin in good quantity and also have diuretic and laxative properties. According to some studies, they have antibacterial properties, in particular against the bacteria responsible for dental caries.
The black and red mulberry blackberries (from black, red, white mulberry) are precious for the good content of anthocyanins, precious antioxidants present in variable quantities in black, purple and red colored vegetables. Also interesting is the content of resveratrol, an antioxidant also contained in red wine that helps prevent cardiovascular diseases. To the taste, black and red mulberry blackberries have a better balance between sweet and sour and are more pleasant.
Do you want to plant a mulberry plant? Buy it here: Black mulberry tree
A story set among the mulberry trees? Here is this novel in Kindle format When there were mulberries
A fairy tale for children 5-8 years old? Here it is: Once upon a time there was a mulberry tree
Information in amarcord sauce? Another book: The ancient flavor of mulberry blackberries. Salento in memories, in anecdotes in proverbs
And read this if you want to make a nice mulberry jam